Short list for EAST 215

Short list for EAST 215 - Tsurumi Shunsuke Influential...

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Tsurumi Shunsuke Influential thinker post-war Historian and philosopher Harvard graduate and prof at Kyoto university In Anti-vietnam war group Beheiren Focus on popular culture: films, novels, songs, mangas Genkai Geijutsu-ron (on marginal art)** 3 types of art Anti-intellectual intellectual Anti-left leftist International nationalist One-way culture Eurocentrism Postcolonial discourse There’s a wider range of human activities than are conventionally considered artistic Narrow dichotomy between pure and popular Marginal art: primordial art form 3 types of art Pure art : both producer and audience = art specialists art for art’s sake Popular art: producers are professional art for commerce sake Marginal art: No one is professional lack of professional expertise, everyday life, artistic expression intersect and include concrete things from gestures to nicknames Asia-pacific war 1941-1945 five years Tsurumi English-Japanese, German-Japanese translation Beheiren Anti-vietnam war group Citizen’s leagu e for peace Asian women’s fund 1994-2007 comfort women in South Korea, Philippines, Taiwan and Indonesia 600 million by people and 4.8 billion by government Yanagita Kunio Founding father of Japanese Folklore studies Yanagi Muneyoshi Potter Miyazawa Kenji Writer of poems and children’s stories that draw influence from Buddhist philosophy and agrarian culture Marginal art Amateurs who neither make a living through professional artistic practice nor claim special artistic knowledge, people who appreciate are untrained too. - Lacks precision, rigor, has a lot of ambiguities Development of mass media and of modern economic and political institutions removed marginal art from the legitimately recognized art Central: aesthetic use, not art for art’s sake Tsuzura Box of bamboo family crest Kyoto City of Japanese-ness Kansai region Kinki (Kyoto, Osaka, Kobe) City of religions, Budhist, Shinto, Christian Inland city surrounded by mountains Kyoto basin: 3 sides mountains, Higashiyama, Kitayama, Nishiyama 3 rivers: Kamogawa, Katsuragawa, Ujigawa -600: Yamashiro Hata clan settled in the west, carried flood control 794: Heian-Kyo City of peace and tranquility, founded by Emperor Kammu 876: Gion festival, first one appease the gods 1467-1477: Onin war 10 years 1868: Emperor Meiji moves residence from Kyoto to Tokyo capital for more than ten centuries
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Mainly a consumer city retail trade Interpersonal relationships: principles of non-intervention, partial commitment, mutual freedom Modern and refined style Condescening, Haughty Underground water: good for kimonos Osaka Kyoto = increased population Famous for: Water, Mustar, women, sewing needles, temples, textile manufactures, dolls and pottery Tokyo City of visual and performing arts Kanto region Edo** below Seat of samurai regimes Warrior/samurai local culture: formality, hierarchy and face-saving To Kyoto people: Tokyo embodies the deep seated inferiority complex Famous for: samurai, bonito, daimyo, alleys, raw sardine, café, purple, fire fighters, colored
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