Ch 30 - Chapter Thirty The Conservative Ascendancy...

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Chapter Thirty The Conservative Ascendancy, 1974—1987
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Part One: Introduction
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The Conservative Ascendancy, 1974-1987 What does this painting suggest about the period from 1974-1987?
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Chapter Focus Questions What structural shifts occurred in the economy? What characterized the Ford and Carter presidencies? What were the crises in the cities and in the environment? How did community politics contribute to the rise of the New Right? What caused the Iran hostage crisis and how as it resolved? What contributed to the Reagan Republican presidential victory? What were Reagan's domestic and foreign policies? What contributed to the growth of inequality?
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Part Two: American Communities
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Grass Roots Conservatism In 1962, Garden Grove resident Bee Gathright discovered she was a conservative. Gathright and her husband Neil soon joined the California Republican Assembly and were active in Barry Goldwater's 1964 presidential campaign. In the 1960s and seventies, Orange County had thousands of "kitchen table" activists began transforming American conservatism and American politics leading to the election of Ronald Reagan as president. Conservative rhetoric shed its extremist message by stressing less government and family issues. Evangelical religion also played a role.
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Part Three: The Overextended Society
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Oil and the Troubled Economy Map: World's Oil Producers, p. 942 High prices and a stagnant economy led Americans to question their faith in progress and prosperity. Dependence on imported oil had steadily grown. When the U.S. backed Israel during the 1973 Yom Kippur War, the Arab states that controlled OPEC pushed through an embargo leading to skyrocketing prices and public suspicion that someone was profiting at the public's expense.
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Oil and Economic Decline President Nixon ordered oil conservation measures. Soaring energy prices led to rapid, sustained inflation. At the same time, the worst economic decline since the Great Depression began. Steel and auto making faced stiff competition and declining market shares. American productivity and quality continued to decline. Despite increased foreign demand for crops, soaring energy costs hurt farmers now forced to borrow money at high interest rates.
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Blue-Collar Blues Outside of the public sector, the number of unionized workers steadily declined. The number of wage-earning women increased but their income, relative to men, declined. African American women in the North earned nearly as much as white women, but Hispanic women tended to be confined to the lowest wage sectors.
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Sunbelt/Snowbelt Communities Map: Population shifts, p. 943 The economic slump of the 1970s was most pronounced in the Midwest and Northeast in contrast to what became known as the Sunbelt. Large-scale migration fueled Sunbelt population growth.
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course AMH 2020 taught by Professor Michelleadams during the Spring '06 term at University of Central Florida.

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Ch 30 - Chapter Thirty The Conservative Ascendancy...

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