Lec19 02_27_08 Memory and mental disorders

Lec19 02_27_08 Memory and mental disorders - Lecture 19....

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Lecture 19. Memory and mental disorders February 27, 2008 See Chapter 12 & 13 in Cheung, Fundamental Concepts in Biology Outline Mechanisms of memory The hippocampus and short-term memory Different types of long-term memory The role of the frontal lobe Treatment of mental illnesses Manic depression and its relationship to creativity
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Physiological mechanisms of memory
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How memories are formed Eric Kandel –Nobel Prize (2000) Worked with Aplysia (sea hare) - mollusk Memory storage synapse modification Long-term potentiation (LTP) Short term memory hippocampus Altered electrical properties (ion channels) Changes in existing proteins Long term memory cerebrum Altered number of neurons Synthesis of new proteins Information stored in ‘pieces’
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Types of memory Procedural memory Learned motor skills Explicit Memory Semantic memory: Abstract knowledge Episodic memory: Personal memories Tricks to improving explicit memory Mnemonic aids Spatial Musical Personal
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Procedural or implicit memory Learning difficult motor skills Repetition and practice Bicycling Skiing
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Lec19 02_27_08 Memory and mental disorders - Lecture 19....

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