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Lec07 01_25_08 Biotechnology and the human genome

Lec07 01_25_08 Biotechnology and the human genome - 7...

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7. Sequencing the human genome January 25, 2008 Chapter 4 in Cheung
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GM Plants Agrobacterium tumefaciens Used to transform plant cells Products Bt-corn (reduces insecticide use) Roundup ready soy bean (resistant to herbicides) Yellow rice – high β -carotene ( vitamin A) Bt-corn Hybrid corn Round-up Ready Soybean Normal soybean
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Another view of Another view of biotechnology biotechnology
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Public debate about GM crops
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Biotechnology and the human genome project Biotechnology Uses molecular/cellular techniques Modification of organisms to make them more useful Some benefits New pharmaceuticals Genetically modified foods Genome project Use of these techniques to sequence genome Human Other genomes: Neaderthal, mouse, rat, chimp, chicken cat, dog, fruit fly, yeast, rice, wheat, corn, E. coli, frog, fish, bee, mosquito…
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One practical benefit of the human genome project – understanding for genetic disorders Single gene disorders Cystic fibrosis Tay-Sachs disease
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Lec07 01_25_08 Biotechnology and the human genome - 7...

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