CRJ320STUDYGUIDE1 - CRJ 320 STUDY GUIDE 1 Possible Essay Questions 1 Identify the main parties of the courtroom workgroup Explain each of the four(4

CRJ320STUDYGUIDE1 - CRJ 320 STUDY GUIDE 1 Possible Essay...

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CRJ 320 STUDY GUIDE 1 October 11, 2016 Possible Essay Questions 1. Identify the main parties of the courtroom workgroup. Explain each of the four (4) main goals of the courtroom workgroup using the theory presented by Einstein and Jacob (1977) and as discussed in class. How do these goals impact decision making about taking cases to trial? The courtroom workgroup is comprised of the judge, prosecuting attorney, and the defense attorney.Judge:has authority to rule on a case as well as fine and/or hold lawyers/other members in the courtroom in contempt for violating regulations and being disrespectful, cannot hire/fire lawyers or bailiffs, do not have a monetary budget that could be allocated for clerks, limited authority andlimited legal authority, decisions can potentially be reversed by another judge in a higher court, decide on a case when there is a motion for a decision, impartial to the defense and the prosecution and listens/responds to requests of the law and can intervene in the scheduling of cases, sentencing and decisions in bench trials, maintain order in the court (acts as mediator or referee), procedural issue (laws followed), impartial/neutrality, has discretion of whether to grant/deny motions, accepts guilty pleas, acts as the courtroom “manager” (attorneys submit evidence, adherence to schedule).Prosecuting attorney:decides what cases should go to trial and what the charges should be, carry a majority of the evidence (police and lab reports, witness testimony), works with the judge(both have authority), leads courtroom activities while the judge maintains courtroom order and maintains that rules are being followed, represents state/society interests, district attorney (each county has their own chief prosecutor that is elected, serves as a figure head or manager over cases), charging decision (to charge or not to charge; what charges), initiates plea bargaining process outside of court, convict offenders (charging and sentencing a punishment appropriate to the offense), assistant district attorney (works day-to-day cases), can specialize in cases, do not lose jobs like a district attorney (hired by the district attorney), works with law enforcement to obtain evidence, reports, and witness testimony.Defense attorney:has the main responsibility to represent the defendant of a case, pinpoint the wrong doings of the prosecutor (illegally obtaining evidence and using exculpatory evidence in court), main duty is to prevent a sentence for the defendant and leads to a lengthy decision from the judge, represents the defendant/client, makes sure constitutional rights are not violated by thedistrict attorney/police officers during investigation and trial, represents defendant’s interests, advise defendant (guides them through the case and explains the law), provide effective assistance of counsel, file appeals, responds to plea bargains (prosecutor cannot directly interact with the defendant), aims to reduce sentences, conducts their own investigations (hire experts
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  • Spring '14
  • CHAIRES,ROBERT
  • Common Law, criminal law, Lawyer, prosecutor

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