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ch01_solutions - CHAPTER 1 1.1 Answering machine Alarm...

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1 CHAPTER 1 1.1 Answering machine Alarm clock Automatic door Automatic lights ATM Automobile: Engine controller Temp. control ABS Electronic dash Navigation system Automotive tune-up equip. Baggage scanner Bar code scanner Battery charger Cable/DSL Modems and routers Calculator Camcorder Carbon monoxide detector Cash register CD and DVD players Ceiling fan (remote) Cellular phone Coffee maker Compass Copy machine Cordless phone Depth finder Digital watch Digital recorder Digital scale Digital thermometer Electronic dart board Electric guitar Electronic door bell Electronic gas pump Elevator Exercise machine Fax machine Fish finder Garage door opener GPS Hearing aid Invisible dog fences Laser pointer LCD projector Light dimmer Keyboard synthesizer Keyless entry system Laboratory instruments Metal detector Microwave oven Model airplanes MP3 player Musical greeting cards Musical tuner Pagers Personal computer Personal planner/organizer Radar detector Radio Razor Satellite radio and TV receivers Security systems Sewing machine Smoke detector Sprinkler system Stereo system Amplifier CD player Receiver Tape player Stud sensor Talking toys Telephone Telescope controller Toy robots Traffic light controller TV & remote control Variable speed appliances Blender Drill Mixer Food processor Fan Vending machines
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2 2 Video games Wireless headphones & speakers Wireless thermometer Workstations Electromechanical Appliances* Air conditioning and heating systems Clothes washer and dryer Dish washer Electrical timer Iron, vacuum cleaner, toaster Oven, refrigerator, stove, etc. *These appliances are historically based only upon on-off (bang-bang) control. However, many of the high end versions of these appliances have now added sophisticated electronic control. 1.2 B = 19.97 x 10 0.1997 2020 - 1960 ( 29 = 14.5 x 10 12 = 14.5 Tb/chip 1.3 (a) B 2 B 1 = 19.97 x 10 0.1977 Y 2 - 1960 ( 29 19.97 x 10 0.1977 Y 1 - 1960 ( 29 = 10 0.1977 Y 2 - Y 1 ( 29 so 2 = 10 0.1977 Y 2 - Y 1 ( 29 Y 2 - Y 1 = log 2 0.1977 = 1.52 years (b) Y 2 - Y 1 = log10 0.1977 = 5.06 years 1.4 N = 1027 x 10 0.1505 2020 - 1970 ( 29 = 34.4 x 10 9 transistors / m P 1.5 N 2 N 1 = 1027 x 10 0.1505 Y 2 - 1970 ( 29 1027 x 10 0.1505 Y 1 - 1970 ( 29 = 10 0.1505 Y 2 - Y 1 ( 29 ( a ) Y 2 - Y 1 = log2 0.1505 = 2.00 years ( b ) Y 2 - Y 1 = log10 0.1505 = 6.65 years 1.6 F = 8.214 x 10 - 0.06079 2020 - 1970 ( 29 m m = 7.5 nm . No, this distance corresponds to the diameter of only a few atoms. Also, the wavelength of the radiation needed to expose such patterns during fabrication is represents a serious problem.
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