Psychology Final Exam Notes

Psychology Final Exam Notes - Chapter 13 Personality...

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November 16, 2005 Chapter 13: Personality - Personality- relatively stable and enduring patterns of thoughts, feelings, and actions. - Assessing Personality- o Interviews- talking with people. Two Types of interviews: Structured- every person gets the same set of predetermined questions. Unstructured- interviewer is free to ask different questions of each person. Talk freely and in more depth in different areas More training is necessary to conduct this type of interview. o Observation- needs to be methodical o Objective tests- AKA inventories. Standardized questionnaires that require written responses, typically to multiple-choice or true-false items. Most widely used method. o Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Most widely researched and clinically used self-report personality test Over 500 items on the MMPI Relatively easy to take. They’re affirmative statements: True, False, or Can’t Say: I like to eat cookies, I don’t like spiders Scales of the MMPI Originally there were 10 scales. Hypochondrias o An extreme concern with health and bodily issues. Depression o Feelings of sadness, hoplessness, a loss of sense of self worth. Hysteria o Use physical complaints to avoid responsibility o “Can’t do that… I have a bad leg…etc” Psychopathic Deviate o Reflects an extreme and total disregard for social rule Masculine-Feminine o How much you accept stereotypically gender roles and behaviors Paranoia 1
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o Refers to delusions; mistaken beliefs. Psychasthenia o Obsessive and Compulsive thoughts and behaviors. Schizophrenia o Break with reality. Lack of connections between your own cognitions and reality. Hypomania o Over activity; emotional, cognitive, and physical Social Introversion o Indication of how socially withdrawn or socially avoidant the subject is. Have been expanded on by current psychologist and there are now over 500 scales. There are three other scales to indicate how honest the subject is being. Lie Score- indicates you are lying in order to make yourself look good. I f you answer “true” to “I like everyone I meet,” you’re lying. Validity score- indicates a careless or random response pattern. The examinee did not take the test seriously. Correction Score- indicates the examinee is either trying to “fake good”- make themselves look healthier than they actually are, or that they are trying to “fake bad”- make themselves look worse off than they actually are. - Projective tests of personality o Given an ambiguous stimuli Rorschach inkblot test o Ten bilaterally symmetrical inkblots. o They’re exposed in a certain order and the answers are recorded. o Scoring the Rorschach is very complex, and there is disagreement in the psychological community over what parts of the examinee’s responses are most important.
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