exam 3 review - Personality Psychology Definition of the...

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1 Personality Psychology Definition of the pleasure principle in Freud's theory: Reduction of tension/maximization of satisfaction Two parts of the super-ego in Freud's theory : Conscience, Ego Ideal Oral and anal fixation : Oral: Birth-18 months Anal: 18 months- 3 years Latency period of psychosexual development : 5 years- adolescence Example of Rev. Ted Haggerd from class (in "Freud in the News") : Reaction Formation Inferiority complex in Adler's theory : Situation where adults haven’t overcome feelings of inferiority developed as children Study using Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) on power motives and ratings of assertive job applicant : high score = more assertive personality/less chance of getting job *Emphasis of biological theories of personality : What the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) is used to assess : self-report measure Example of Bandura's concept of self-efficacy : believes people with high self-efficacy are more likely to have higher aspirations and greater persistence in chasing goals & in return have greater success in life then people with low self-efficacy Health Psychology The three phases in Selye’s General Adaptation Syndrome : Alarm and mobilization, resistance, exhaustion. The time of day in which people are happiest according to Kahneman's diary study : Night time Message framing and prevention vs. detection behavior: Hassles/ uplifts : hassles: not enough time, too many things to do, troubling thoughts for future uplifts: relating with a spouse/lover/friends, completing a task, feeling healthy Types of stressors : Cataclysmic events, personal stressors, background stressors Problem-focused vs. emotion-focused coping :
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Problem focused: characterized by the management of problem or stimulus. ..coping strategy:
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 100 taught by Professor Cave during the Spring '08 term at UMass (Amherst).

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exam 3 review - Personality Psychology Definition of the...

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