{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

final exam study guide

final exam study guide - Philosophy Final Exam Study Guide...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Philosophy Final Exam Study Guide 1. Define or otherwise explain the following terms: argument, valid, sound, modus ponens, modus tollens. Be able to recognize whether an argument is valid. Be able to say what form a given valid argument is in. Argument – A series of statements intended to establish another statement Valid – It is logically impossible for the premises to be true and the conclusion to be false Sound – It is valid and all of its premises are true Modus Ponens – P. -> If P then Q. -> Therefore, Q. Modus Tollens – If P then Q. -> Not Q. -> Therefore, not P. 2. Present and explain a sound argument that shows that (ERT) is false. Present The ‘Baby Bush’ argument against (ERT): 1. If (ERT) is true, then the baby Barbara Bush held in her arms in July, 1946 is not identical to the current president of the United States. 2. The baby Barbara Bush held in her arms in July, 1946 is identical to the current president of the United States. 3. Therefore, (ERT) is false. Explain Exact Resemblance Theory (ERT) – Person x at time t1 is identical to person y at time t2 if and only if x, as he is at t1, exactly resembles y, as he is at t2 (and x and y are both persons) 1. If (ERT) is true then a person is not the identical to himself as he ages. 2. A person is identical to himself as he ages. 3. Define (OT). Be sure to say what features immaterial souls are supposed to have. Explain how someone who believes (OT) will defend the claim that it is possible for a person to survive her death. Soul Theory (OT) – Person x at time t1 is identical to person y at time t2 if and only if x at t1 and y at t2 have the same soul. Explain A person who believes (OT) will defend the claim that it is possible for a person to survive her death by saying that as long as the soul survives, then the person will survive her death.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}