First lectures.doc

First lectures.doc - Modern Middles East Notes Islam- One...

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Modern Middles East Notes Islam- One of the 3 great Abrahamic religions - means submission - Originates in the 7 th century Arabia (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Kuwait etc. ) - Muhammad is born in Mecca - Born around 570, k now for his honesty, is a merchant - Was a deep thinker; went to reflect outside Mecca had a vision Angel Gabriel appeared, delivered the word of God. First word revealed to him was “iqra” which means recite - Revelations continues and make up the entirety of the Quar'an (recitation) - Quar'an is not divinely inspired, it is the literal word of God - His family and friends become the first followers of Islam - Centered in Mecca and Medina Quar'an - Tone is of morality, tells how to live one's life - 2 important ideas: monotheism and justice, especially social justice - the only way to live morally is to submit oneself to God's will - The Covenant - With God and all of humanity, not just Muslims - Everyone is born knowing there is one God, outsides forces warp this belief - Recognizes Jesus, Moses, Abraham as prophets - Prophets remind people of the covenant - Muhammad is the last prophet. There will be no more warnings - Allah - God. Pre-Islam viewed Allah as a disinterested arbiter. One could look to Allah to solve
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course HISM 321 taught by Professor Wing during the Spring '08 term at Tulane.

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First lectures.doc - Modern Middles East Notes Islam- One...

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