CS 187 Quiz one Fall 99

CS 187 Quiz one Fall 99 - 97/33-G QUIZ NUMBER ONE...

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Unformatted text preview: 97/33 -G QUIZ NUMBER ONE, COMMUNICATION STUDIES 187/ FALL 1999 —- ETHICS AND POLICY ISSUES STUDENT NAME: _\__ I “ ID NUMBER: _ , j, Please circle -— repeat CIRCLE ‘— the correcr answer. The correct answer is the one that was emphasized by the professor -— in the assigned readings, in both the Reader and the Ethics Book, as well as in the class lectures and discussions and the visit of Beijing University Prof. Wang Yong. For some questions, there may be more than one justifiable answer; but only one clear “best " answer. CIRCLE the correct answers. Repeat, CIRCLE. YOu have 50 minutes for these 33 questions. 1. Of all the major philosophers of ethics whom we discussed and read about, the one who would be least comfortable with the idea of revolution would be: a. Kant b. Mill 0. Rawls d. Aristot By any times Western observers refer to China’s news media system as totalitarian or state- trolled our Communistic. But the term Prof. Plate used to describe it was intended to convey a sense of partnership, rather than the adversarial relationship common in America. The term that was 11 .a - ' ' ._ 'sm in China was: c. eleological Gig. pragatrc‘) 3. Prof. Wang Yong of Beijing University described many new Chinese newspapers as being: a. privately owned 'bi’ffie r0 “ we ownershi .5 ,9. a s oventally funded and not subject to market forces 4. In the British Newspaper Sting article, passed out in class, it is easy to see that there is hardly anyone in British society who is immune from an attack by the “Killer Tabloids,” such as The News of The World. In fact, the NOTW, a Murdoch newspaper, has included in its victims’ list everyone that follows EXCEPT: a. Jack Straw, the British Home Secretary b. Camilla Parker BowW’ girlfriend Wand.) d. the captain of the English national rugby team 5. Probably the best definition of “ethics” is the study of: W b. what society permits legally c. what the major religions generally agree on d. what you feel in your gut is ok 6. NORMATIVE ethics means: as whatis nqmm_wm§flple mm be canme g/p osop caftheories develop to explaifi’ moral behavior yd”. newspaper (versus television) codes of conduct fl a philosophy of ethics developed by Norman Bates kind of ethics 7. Deontological ethics is often said to be an a. a riori . ex cathedra ,e’. teleological d. post hoc, propter hoc her of all time was and a leading 8. Undoubtedly the leading deontological ethics philosop contemporary one could be said to be a. Aristotle Rawls (E. Kant1 :::r‘.’”thmf§? c. Raw 5 Michael Novak (1. Mill Iran’s Ayatollas E. In the famed Potter Box, Prof. Plate has said that probably the most difficult -- intellectually and per? even emotionally -— of the four quadrants or boxes is: . he facts or statement of the situation . Professional values a _l I. . . part—time for) for a politician is: a. United States c. France b.Germany 11. Probably the intellectual forefather of modern propaganda and perhaps even publi and modern advertising is: a' “m” c. Dons Scotus ' Machiavell whe philosopher who said that morality was more than loyalty to abstract rules and even ore than pleasing God and was nothing less than an attempt to maximize the happiness in the world c relations . Jerem Bentham 13. Relativism is not the same thing as situation ethics because: ' m 'tuation to situation4__,.,, A5: The former is teleological and the latter is deontological . Relativism comes from Einstein’s theory of relativity and situationalism comes from existen ialism d. The former is a Western philosophical concept and the latter is an Eastern one ficord‘mg to Alexis de Tocqueville, "the authority of a principle is often increased by the her of men by whom it is expressed." The missing adjective is: C xact < groportionate f, 15. The core of the French observer's argument against initiating a censorship of the press is that: a. It would be harmfiil to economic development b. It was unfair to journalists c. It w0uld undermine that count ‘5 s ' ' t‘WthilT eventually end in despotism, no matter how well intentioned 7 .___—-1 bf-“ 16. According to de Tocqueville, the power of the "periodical press" (that is, local newspapers back then) was: a. o t e co _ . es rame by government cf Only marginally relevant to democracy's advance (:1? Regrettable because of its corrosive effect on social order 17. In "The Fourth Branch of Government," Douglas Cater believes that the major public policies are afi'ected by "publicity consciousness" in a way: a. Minor £11?) c. n eterrninate d. Neither—further social science research is needed 18. In the public policy process, says Cater, the public official sees premature the enemy of a fully evolved public policy, whereas the journalist sees as the word is: [sensationalism )//cover—up c. instant reply (1. disclosur e. grand jury testimony 19. According to "Media Power in American Politics," in American Government, Theodore J. Lowi and Benjamin Ginsberg believe that media influence is so significant that it can sometimes create, or at least greatlly overheat, the news. Circle one example of this phenomenon that the authors do NOT cite: a. The curren econonnc s1tuat1 . The “crime wave" during Lincoln Stefi'ens' time that was really a media manipulation ,e’. The Presidential candidacy of John Anderson in 1980 d.” The media "momentum" awarded Walter Mondale in 1984 fl Gene McCarthy's New Hampshire primary "victory" in 1968 20. Lowi and Ginsberg believe that media interpretation can turn the reality of a news event on its head. As a famous example, they cite: wuquw a. The 1967 Tet 1 namese, w areas wrongly portrayed by thy media as a defeat fort MH— ---- "(I . The breakup of the Brenton Woods economic accord, which was reported as a failure . Jimmy Carter's confession that he never really believed in God but only said it to win prim es, or that he was lying when he said he only had "lust in his heart" -- which turned out to be untrue (K Ronald Reagan‘s confession that all along he was really in love with Jane Fonda, which turned out to be a hoax. K The emergence of Donald Trump as a possible third-party candidate. 21. In "Why Americans Hate the Media," author James Fallows heaps scorn on CBS Sixty Minutes‘ correspondent Mike Wallace because: __..,,____ a."H€sz American troops to be 5. ambushed 'ust to at ood footage for his story “‘"""""’”""”"’ lat He staked his ethi post 10 e principle of ethical egoism fl His salary, more than a million dollars annually, raises serious questions about his honesty I He believes the role of the modern news anchor requires mobility -- that the anchor "should go out on stories like regular correspondents" 22. In "The New Press Criticism, " William Glaberson argues that "cynicism has replaced a necessary skepticism as the core of Americanjournalism." What Glaberson means is: a Journalists, confronted by corruption and evil, develop wise protective systems to guard against co-optation )1 Journalists start to ignore their "watchdog" role, and instead fianction as a tool of government or b' W- _ c. Jon ' ' ' ' cre ' " with its excessive 'cism pf Journalistic institutions will become biased against one or the other or both political patties l? 23. The late Time magazine writer, William A. Henry III, pointed out that people routinely use the term "media" to cover: a. Only newspapers h. Only newspapers and maazines ' 3 out a trashy supermarket ta or to a 7 V s ow 24. To Henry, the best description of the truly professional journalist is: Al Liberal, if not leftist or communistic 25. In "Dispatches from the Glass Aquarium," journalist John Simpson argues that TV‘s coverage of foreign disasters, for better or for worse: { Has no efi'ect on a station's ratings K Helps people decide where to go anti where not to go on IM_I_1§Xt_fQ[§l n vacation dilnaweirdway‘hl—aRES {new power bloc out of the TV audience that is watching... "t a otheosis of the couch potato." 9? Can improve a nation's foreign policy { Can harm a nation's foreign policy 26. In the piece "The Myth of CNN," author Torn Rosenstiel believes this once innovative TV network is: a. Bymgtrecafis‘é'ltlacks imagination and other networks can ail themselves om av . 5 lost its edge to ABC and Peter Jennings 1:.” Limping because CBS, NBC and ABC are spending so much money on their news divisio yr; Losing viewers because the American people have begun reading again f. Impaired because of the merger with Time Warner 27. Simon Jenkins writes that “war reporting can activate the viewer but it can also titillate his appetite for grief pornograph ." B this he means that: a. ct ng se s like horror; it's too bad a nation‘s domestic problems lack the o ogffphic vividness of Sara'evo's or Kosovo's destruction . Nothing sells like sex; it's too bad all papers dont ave a page three nude (boy or girl) / Nothing in print sells any more, anyhow . Selling is irrelevant to journalism [.4 The British Broadcasting Corp, for which Jenkins works, has been awash in sensationalisrn and inaccuracy 28. Garrick Utley, in the "The Shrinking of Foreign News," explains the decreasein foreign coverage by the television news as due to a number of factors. Which is NOT one of them? ,a’. The end of the Cold War has left us without a good enemy to focus on b’. Viewer interest has become focused more on domestic concerns ,6. Rising costs of covera e and risin competitions“ w~—\_\__\ d. Powerful media leaders bowin to ressure from foreign governments to reduce _ coverage ~ Way—wr/ 29. One important aspect of TV reporting is that the issues of foreign policy that tend to get to the attention of the proverbial couch potato are: at The ones pointed cut to TV by Washington officials in power ,5. The wrong ones pointed out by powerful, vested interests 1:. The racists ones I . nly stories that put down 0t er countnes bfi—VJ—d " 30. In the “Ice—T” controvers the “Media Ethics” authors ropose as an ethical middle ground: t the son a clear disclaimer of non-violent intent) b. That the artists compose a pro-cop song or c. That police groups get special free tickets to Ice-T concerts 3 K In Michael Novak’s essay on the Pope, passed out and discussed in class last week, he writings, movingly, that “a commitment to means that reason is ultimately , that there is only “_ .” In such a world, power trumps. The thugs will win.”The missing words, obviously, are: a. deontolo 3 illogical faith 32. Three serious ethical questions were raised by publication of the Pentagon Papers. Which is as it ethical to ublish even the first installment in violation of a 00W ; X. Was it ethical to publish stolen material? ,4 Was it ethical to publish classified material? /d. Was it ethical to publish if the contents were not treated fairly and accurately? ) fine. film-F glrSN‘l/rx or baa: W‘w/ isobofb 14% Ca, , r orde {'1 33. Humorist, columnist and PBS host of Masterpiem Russell Baker calls journalists who pop up on those TV talk shows everything but: a. Talking Heads b. Sabbath Gasbags c. Spoiled Priests . enous Jouma ists ...
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CS 187 Quiz one Fall 99 - 97/33-G QUIZ NUMBER ONE...

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