Lecture Notes

Lecture Notes - Lecture 1 Principles of Systemic Physiology...

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Lecture 1: Principles of Systemic Physiology Lecture 2: Principles of Cellular Physiology Lecture 3: Membrane Transport Lecture 4: Resting Potential and Graded Potentials Lecture 5: The Action Potential Lecture 6: Synaptic Transmission I Lecture 7: Synaptic Transmission II Lecture 8: Organization of the Nervous System Lecture 1: Principles of Systemic Physiology Reading: chapter 1 Levels of Organization Cell (Figure 2-1) Functions: obtain nutrients and oxygen metabolism (e.g., ATP production) synthesis (e.g., Proteins) exchange of materials (e.g., oxygen, nutrients, waste, hormones) intracellular transport reproduction (some cells divide, others do not) Tissue (aggregate of cells and extracellular material) 4 primary types Muscle (contraction) skeletal (‘body’ muscles, for motor action) cardiac (heart muscle) smooth (e.g., stomach) Nervous (transmission of signals (to and from CNS) ) Central (Brain and Spinal cord) Peripheral (everything else) Epithelial (exchange of materials) Figure 1-1  epithelial sheets (form boundaries) (e.g., skin) glands (secretion of synthesized materials, e.g., enzymes, hormones ) Exocrine (external secretion) Note: The stomach cavity is considered part of the external environment. Endocrine (internal secretion) (e.g., secretion into the blood stream) Connective (structural support)
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Tendons (connect muscle to bone) Bones (produce blood) blood Organ
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Lecture Notes - Lecture 1 Principles of Systemic Physiology...

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