Coe and Koontz notes - Laura Russo Midterm 1 ANTH 235 NOTES Coe Koontz(2013 Preface Most famous Maya sites in Mexico Palenque Calakmul Chichen Itza

Coe and Koontz notes - Laura Russo Midterm 1 ANTH 235 NOTES...

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Laura Russo Midterm 1 ANTH 235 NOTES 9/6/16 Coe & Koontz (2013) Preface Most famous Maya sites in Mexico: Palenque, Calakmul, Chichen Itza Calibrated Date: adjusted, made a flaw in the carbon dating (decay is not constant over time, needed to compare to another data set, tree rings) Mesoamerica TRAITS originally listed by Kirchoff 260- day ritual calendar combined with 365 day solar calendar, 52 year cycle Writing different forms Astronomy- quadripartite world/tripartite universe Ball game-played with hips, can’t touch with hands Urbanism (one of 7 world areas where cities were invented) Centralized markets, ports of trade, held in plaza or religious place of towns Warfare- increase in classic period Human sacrifice and autosacrifice (letting blood from parts of your own body) Polytheistic religion Key Foods: maize, squash, beans, What did a hearth look like? What did it symbolize? 3 stones, symbolized the center of the world, the axis of the universe, patterns of 3 have a sacred connotation.
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