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Review #1 - Lecture#2 Tuesday January 8 2008 Cognitive...

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Lecture #2 Tuesday, January 8, 2008 Cognitive Psychology—what goes on when someone thinks; the scientific study of the human mind Biggest challenge—that mind is unobservable; you can only observe reflections o Solutions Introspectionism—having a person look inside their own mind; think about their own thoughts Famous introspectionists were Wundt and Titchener Problems o Difficult to verify—you don’t know if the person is telling the truth o Private, not public—the events are not publicly observable o End product, not the process itself—what you observe is the end product, not the processing itself Functionalism—focuses on mental processes; what the mind is for Pragmatism—putting what mind is for to practical use; gave rise to applied psychology; influenced education John Dewey—professor at University of Chicago Functionalism was a reaction to structuralism; attitude that psychology can be useful; provided transition to behaviorism Behaviorism—ignore the problem of not being able to observe the mind Pavlov—discovered classical conditioning (Pavlov’s dog) Watson—founder of behaviorist psychology; thinking is simply talking to yourself (sobvocal); there is no mind,
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