BenitezCastro.D.V.8.1.8.2.8.3.8.4.

BenitezCastro.D.V.8.1.8.2.8.3.8.4. - Phil 101-11 Diana...

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Phil 101-11 October 26, 2016 Diana, Benitez Castro Vaughn 8.1.8.2.8.3.8.4 Exercise 8.1 2. Most people are fed up with celebrities who get on their soapbox and air their political opin- ions. When people on the street have been asked by TV reporters how they had feel about the is- sue, they almost always say that they wish celebrities would keep their opinions to themselves. Answer: Target Group/Relevant Party: The public, anyone whose been questioned by a TV reporter./Be- ing fed up with celebrities who voice their opinion. Argument: Weak Why: The argument is weak because it is not representative and the sample size is too small. 5. A randomized Gallup poll of Berkeley students shows tat 90 percent of them are in favor of immigration reform. Thus, we can safely say that Americans definitely want immigration reform. Answer: Target Group/Relevant Party: Immigration people, Mexicans,Canadians, etc. Argument: Weak Why: The argument is weak because the students from Berkeley only ‘polled’ the students that attend Berkeley instead of the whole state instead. 7. Most newspaper reports of crimes in Chicago involve alleged perpetrators who belong to racial minorities. Therefore, most crimes in Chicago are committed by racial minorities. Answer: Target Group/Relevant Party: Perpetuators./Racial Minorities. Argument: Weak Why: The argument is weak because the argument even though it explains that the newspaper usually mentions racial minorities does not mean other crimes are not committed by other age groups. It just means that the newspapers main focus is on racial minorities. 9. Two hundred samples of water taken from many sites all along the Charles River show unsafe concentrations of toxic chemicals. Obviously the water in the Charles River is unsafe. Answer: Target Group/Relevant Party: Water in the Charles River./Concentration of Toxic Chemicals.
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