17helpingpart1student9

17helpingpart1student9 - cp 2 Why do People &...

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1 Lecture Outline Theories of helping: –Socio-biological theory –Kin protection –Perceived similarity –Norms Why do People & Animals Help? 1. Socio-Biological Theory Behavior understood in terms of reproductive success cp Kin Protection Predisposed to help others who share our genes Why do People & Animals Help Strangers? cp Kin Protection Identical Twins Fraternal Twins More helpful to one another Kin Protection After natural disasters… 1. Family members 3. Strangers Kin Protection Study Burnstein et al. (1994) Predictions : 1. Help family over non-family 2. Help is proportional to relatedness 3. Help young over old cp Kin Protection Study Burnstein et al. (1994) Life & Death Situations More likely to help relatives than non-relatives cp Kin Protection Study Burnstein et al. (1994) 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Sibling Cousin Relatedness Tendency to Help cp Kin Protection Study Burnstein et al. (1994) 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2 2.4 2.6 1 yr. 10 yrs. 18 yrs. 45 yrs. 75 yrs. Age of Victim
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Unformatted text preview: cp 2 Why do People & Animals Help Strangers? 2. Perceived similarity Help others who appear similar to oneself Why do People & Animals Help Strangers? 3. Norms a) Reciprocity Norm b) Social Responsibility Norm Why do People & Animals Help Strangers? Reciprocity Norm Give help to receive help Reciprocity Norm 1. Recognize them 2. Live close enough to return the favor 3. Have the recourses to return the favor People are less likely to help another if doing so puts their life in danger cp People will help those who: Why do People & Animals Help Strangers? Social Responsibility Norm Help others because they should Social Responsibility Norm Help those who cant help themselves children disabled poor Social Responsibility Norm Study Barnes et al. (1979) Doesnt feel like taking good notes Family Emergency More willing to help cp...
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17helpingpart1student9 - cp 2 Why do People &...

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