Final Paper - Jordan Stack HA 115 Final Paper Maslow's...

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Jordan Stack HA 115 5.2.7 Final Paper Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs forms the foundation for Maslow’s theory of human motivation. Humans, Maslow believed, are motivated by needs and are naturally directed towards achievement. In his theory, an individual begins at the bottom of the hierarchy, satisfying lower needs first and then moves on to the fulfillment of higher needs. Although the whole humanistic approach drives toward self-actualization, the highest need on Maslow’s hierarchy as well as one of the levels of McGregor’s Theory Y concept, Maslow’s theory directs individuals on a journey toward a higher vision of their chosen profession, as well as their own self- fulfillment. In the movie The Dead Poets Society , an unconventional New England prep school teacher named Mr. Keating, played by Robin Williams, inspires his students with poetry and encourages them to seize the day and embrace life. The movie is an excellent illustration of how a student is motivated to achieve the highest Theory Y need on Maslow's Hierarchy self-actualization. The film also depicts the differences between having a Theory X versus a Theory Y approach to student motivation, which is demonstrated through the tension between the Mr. Keating and the Headmaster, Mr. Nolan. Each individual is motivated by needs. Our most basic needs are inborn, having evolved over tens of thousands of years. Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs helps to explain how these needs motivate us all. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs states that we must satisfy each need in turn, starting with the first, which deals with the most obvious needs for survival itself. Only when the lower order needs of
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Stack, Page 2 physical and emotional well-being are satisfied are we concerned with the higher order needs of influence and personal development. Conversely, if the things that satisfy our lower order needs are swept away, we are no longer concerned about the maintenance of our higher order needs. At the summit of his model, Maslow uses the term “self-actualization” to describe a state of personal growth that takes place once lower order needs have been met.
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