midterm prep - lecture1-10

midterm prep - lecture1-10 - Study Guide for Lectures 1 10...

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Study Guide for Lectures 1- 10 Midterm #1 By: [email protected][email protected][email protected][email protected] [email protected][email protected][email protected][email protected] [email protected][email protected][email protected][email protected] [email protected][email protected][email protected][email protected] Lecture 1: Making Sense of the International System I. Three Momentous Events A. Military - Dropping of Atomic Bomb 1. Bomb marked enormous leap in “killing ability” 2. Brought about age of nuclear deterrence 3. Uses of Bomb a. Ending war quickly to prevent casualties b. Ending war quickly to keep Russia out of Far East B. Political - Ending of Cold War 1. Timeline a. Gorbachev makes limited political and economic reforms b. Free elections oust most communist governments in Europe c. 1989 - Berlin Wall comes down d. 1990 – West and East Germany are united 2. End marks paradigm shift from realism to idealism C. Economic – Asian Financial Crisis 1. Shows effects of globalization a. problems in one area cause problems in others b. IMF steps in II. Levels of Analysis A. Individual 1. Do individuals really matter? - i.e. Truman with atomic bomb, Ghandi 2. Are the leaders acting out of their own human nature or in accordance with their constituents’ desires? B. Domestic/Nation-State - Does the type of state really matter? - Democratic Peace Theory C. International III. How can we use Levels of Analysis? A. Opportunity Depends On: 1. Environment 2. Resources 3. Capable and knowledged leaders B. Willingness – a concept concerned with motivations 1. Depends on perception 1
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2. Implies choice - People react according to what they think they can do and also according to what others expect them to do Lecture 1 Series con’t by Claire Gagne: Synthesis of Lecture 09/04, DP 1-62, RSK 3-23, HK 17-31 1. Current Status of International Community: “Westphalian order in systemic crisis” (HK, pg. 21) 1945: end of WWII by use of atomic bomb against Japan; a world with few moral or legal constraints 1962: M utually A ssured D estruction ( MAD ), US and SU 1989: fall of Berlin Wall, symbolic end to CW much debated: beginning of US hegemony? Subject of HK reading 2001: terrorist attacks against the US characterized by numerous shifts in the international system. Violence, WMD, terrorism reach unprecedented levels Historically, state has been central to study of IR (realist theory) o Shifting to greater influence by non-state actors (ex. Bill Gates, Al Qaeda) : asymmetric threats (Al Qaeda) emerge as key players in current international system no defined center: difficult to defend against, engage in direct combat able to attack at epicenter of symmetric entities (ex. US) Realism vs. Idealism, post CW sees emergence of Neo-Realism
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This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course PLSC 113 taught by Professor Danielbutler during the Spring '08 term at Yale.

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midterm prep - lecture1-10 - Study Guide for Lectures 1 10...

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