AT Third Space-Katie-RKS 2016 - Updates AT Third Dimension...

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AT Third Dimension
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Cap link the theory of the third space can’t change material conditions —it ignores the way economic structures created colonialism— only a rejection of capitalism can solve Phillips, 98 (Lawrence Phillips, is Head of Regent's American College Londonand Professor of English and Cultural Criticism; “Lost in Space: Siting/citing the in- between of Homi Bhabha's The Location of Culture”; 1998; )KW Given this penchant in Bhabha's work "for in between states and moments of hybridity" (Bhabha 1994: 208) that he locates in cultural articulation, the elision of Marx's recognition that culture can be "out of all proportion" is all the more troubling. Indeed, disingenuous. This brings into question the political 'location' of Bhabha's work. However, the very nature of Bhabha's discursive technique presents a vista of ever shifting theoretical terminology, punning and neologisms, that tend to deflect a consistent line of rigorous questioning traceable across the entirety of the collection . As Robert Young observes by reversing Bhabha's criticism of Fanon on its originator: he is driven "from one conceptual scheme to another" (Young 1990: 146). Young is rather too eager to praise this tactic as the subversion of universalist Western theory, recognising some congruence with his own brand of anti-Marxist deconstruction. Yet Bhabha's critics (including both Parry and Young) seem to ignore the one consistent terminological lexicon to which Bhabha invariably resorts: space. This is an especially unfortunate oversight by Bhabha's materialist critics since this identifies a site where the expressio n of what is "out of proportion" in cultural production can be interrogated through materialist analysis . Indeed, as Lefebvre demands: "To recognise space, to recognise what 'takes place' there and what it is used for, is to resume the dialectic; analysis will reveal the contradictions of space " ( Lefebvre 1976: 17). It is only within the last decade that the importance of Lefebvre's work in this respect has been recognised, reasserting the importance of space to critical studies. An importance that was always present in Marx's work if only there were eyes to see it. Indeed, it betrays "an astonishing spatial sensibility" which, as Foucault notes "has been left practically fallow for the sake of endless commentaries on surplus value" (Foucault 1980: 77). This is not to denigrate the importance of surplus value to Marxist analysis, but simply to recognise that capital accumulation takes place in a space; a space that has been produced and is acutely sensitive to social relationships ." Space " writes Lefebvre " and the political organisation of space express social relationships but also react back on them " (Lefebvre 1970: 25). Such a spatial analysis extends Marx's original observation of what might be called the dialectical relationship between culture and the material base, to encompass the entire realm of the social .
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