Export Control Neg - Notes-A lot of the cards in one...

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Notes: --A lot of the cards in one section are also applicable to other advantages. For example, “competitiveness high now” applies to trade deficit AND hegemony. --Not all of the cards in this file are consistent. For example, the Russian economy defense takes out the Russia disad’s 1NC impact. --You can read QPQ as a counterplan to the unilateral version of the aff and unilateral action as a C/P to the QPQ version. --I can’t imagine a K to which this aff does not link.
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Trade Deficit Answers
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Manufacturing High Now US manufacturing is strong and any decline is unrelated to China NATIONAL REVIEW 2016 (“What Trump Doesn’t Understand — It’s a Lot — about Our Trade Deficit with China,” Jan 10, http://www.nationalreview.com/article/429510/trade- deficit-united-states-china-donald-trump) Our trade relations with China are a legitimate issue of some concern, but they aren’t the issue that Trump and his ilk imagine. American manufacturing wasn’t hollowed out by unfair competition from wily Orientals — it wasn’t hollowed out at all, in fact, U.S. manufacturing output today being far higher than it was during the so-called golden age of the postwar era. Manufacturing wages have remained strong, too. What’s changed is the share of the work force employed in manufacturing, which has declined for several reasons: One of those is growth elsewhere in the economy, especially in the service sector (you know, all those crappy jobs in software companies and investment banks) and another is the fact that our manufacturers have grown much more efficient, requiring fewer (but better) workers than they did a generation ago . Which is to say, manufacturing employment has declined for the same reason agricultural employment did in another era.
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Competitiveness High Now Export controls aren’t hurting US companies—they’re flourishing now OSPC 2013 (Open Society Policy Center, “Export Control Reform: Economic Illogic and Overlooked Consequences,” OSPC Issue Brief, July, http://opensocietypolicycenter.org/wp- content/uploads/Arms-Export-Control-Reform-Increases-Outsourcing.pdf) Proponents of the reform effort describe the negative effects of the bureaucratic “nightmare” of exporting items that are tightly controlled, but U.S. exports of manufactured goods have been increasing at record rates in the past few years, even without a massive reorganization of export controls. Industries exporting items on the U.S. Munitions List are flourishing; the dollar value of export licenses approved for items on the USML has more than doubled in recent years, from $19.8 billion in 2006 to a staggering $44.2 billion in 2011. Not all items licensed translate into actual sales, but the value of licenses granted indicates that in general producers of equipment and components are not suffering from an inability to acquire export licenses under the current export control system governing items on the USML.3 Export controls are not key to trade—export growth high now HARTUNG 2013
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