Chem HL P2 2001 - M01/420/H(2) INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: M01/420/H(2) INTERNATIONAL BACCALAUREATE BACCALAURÉAT INTERNATIONAL BACHILLERATO INTERNACIONAL Name CHEMISTRY HIGHER LEVEL PAPER 2 Number Thursday 10 May 2001 (afternoon) 2 hours 15 minutes INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES ! ! ! ! ! Write your candidate name and number in the boxes above. Do not open this examination paper until instructed to do so. Section A: Answer all of Section A in the spaces provided. Section B: Answer two questions from Section B. Write your answers in a continuation answer booklet, and indicate the number of booklets used in the box below. Write your name and candidate number on the front cover of the continuation answer booklets, and attach them to this question paper using the tag provided. At the end of the examination, indicate the numbers of the Section B questions answered in the boxes below. QUESTIONS ANSWERED SECTION A EXAMINER TEAM LEADER IBCA ALL /40 /40 /40 ......... ......... /25 /25 /25 QUESTION /25 /25 /25 NUMBER OF CONTINUATION BOOKLETS USED ......... SECTION B QUESTION 221-153 TOTAL TOTAL /90 TOTAL /90 /90 12 pages –2– M01/420/H(2) SECTION A Candidates must answer all questions in the spaces provided. In order to receive full credit in Section A, the method used and the steps involved in arriving at your answer must be shown clearly. It is possible to receive partial credit but, without your supporting work, you may receive little credit. For numerical calculations, you are expected to pay proper attention to significant figures. 1. (a) Using the Periodic Table (Table 5) in the Data Booklet, give the symbol(s) of: (i) an element with a ground state electronic configuration of [Xe] 6s 2 4f 14 5d10 6p1 . [1] ..................................................................... (ii) an ion with a double positive charge (2+) with an electronic configuration of [Ar] 3d5 . [1] ..................................................................... (iii) two elements with a ground state configuration of ns 2 np3 . [1] ..................................................................... (b) Describe the emission spectrum of hydrogen. Explain how this spectrum is related to the energy levels in hydrogen. [3] ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... (c) + Give two reasons why the lithium ion, Li , has a smaller radius than the lithium atom. [2] ........................................................................ . ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... (This question continues on the following page) 221-153 –3– M01/420/H(2) (Question 1 continued) (d) [2] Give two reasons why noble gases are not assigned electronegativity values. ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... 221-153 Turn over –4– 2. (a) M01/420/H(2) An anti-cancer drug called Cisplatin has the following percentage composition by mass: Pt = 65.01 %, Cl = 23.63 %, N = 9.340 %, H = 2.020 %. Calculate the empirical formula of Cisplatin. (Relative Atomic Masses are Pt = 195.09 , Cl = 35.45 , N = 14.01 , H = 1.01 .) [3] ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... (b) (c) The molecular and empirical formulas of Cisplatin are the same. Analysis of the molecule shows platinum to be the central atom, being bonded to four separate atoms; the hydrogen is bonded to nitrogen. Draw a representation of the molecule. 16.20 ×10−3 dm3 of 0.1020 mol dm −3 aqueous AgNO3 is added to 14.80 ×10 −3 dm3 of 0.1250 mol dm −3 aqueous NaCl. Calculate the maximum mass (g) of AgCl which could be obtained from this reaction. (Relative Atomic Masses are Ag = 107.87 , Cl = 35.45 .) ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... 221-153 [1] [4] –5– 3. (a) (i) M01/420/H(2) Define the term standard enthalpy of formation. [2] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... (ii) Write an equation, including state symbols, to show the formation of propane. [1] ..................................................................... (b) (i) State what is meant by the term average bond enthalpy. Use the average bond enthalpies, provided in the Data Booklet (Table 10), to calculate the enthalpy change (∆H Ö ) for the following reaction: C3 H8 (g) + 5O2 (g) → 3CO2 (g) + 4H 2 O(g) [5] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... (ii) Ö Suggest, with a reason, whether the entropy change (∆S ) for the reaction would be positive or negative. [2] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... 221-153 Turn over –6– 4. M01/420/H(2) When 1.0 mole of ethanoic acid is mixed with 1.0 mole ethanol, and the mixture allowed to reach equilibrium, the following reaction occurs: CH3COOH(l) + C2 H5 OH(l) ! CH3COOC2 H5 (l) + H 2 O(l) The amounts of ethyl ethanoate and water at equilibrium are both 0.67 moles. (a) (i) What is meant by the term equilibrium? [2] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... (ii) [1] Write an expression for K c for this reaction. ..................................................................... ..................................................................... [2] (iii) Calculate the value of K c for this reaction. ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... (b) + − For the dissociation H 2 O(l) ! H (aq) + OH (aq) , the ionic product is given by + − K w = [H (aq)][OH (aq)] . The value of K w is 1.0 × 10−14 mol 2 dm −6 at 298 K and 2.4 × 10−14 mol 2 dm −6 at 310 K. Using Le Chatelier’s principle, deduce whether the dissociation of water is exothermic or endothermic. [3] ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... ......................................................................... (This question continues on the following page) 221-153 –7– M01/420/H(2) (Question 4 continued) (c) For the system N 2 (g) + 3H 2 (g) ! 2NH 3 (g) state and explain the effect on the position of equilibrium of (i) adding a catalyst. [2] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... (ii) adding some helium gas but keeping the total gas volume constant. [2] ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... ..................................................................... 221-153 Turn over –8– M01/420/H(2) SECTION B Answer two questions. Write your answers in a continuation answer booklet. Write your name and candidate number on the front cover of the continuation answer booklets, and attach them to this question paper using the tag provided. 5. Magnesium reacts exothermically with dilute sulfuric acid according to the following equation: Mg(s) + H 2SO 4 (aq) → MgSO 4 (aq) + H 2 (g) (a) (b) Outline an experimental procedure by which you could obtain a value for the rate of this reaction. [6] From the results of such an experiment using excess magnesium ribbon and sulfuric acid of concentration 0.6 mol dm −3 , the graph shown in Figure 1 was obtained. Describe how and explain why the slope of the curve changes with time. [2] Figure 1 60 50 40 Volume of hydrogen gas / cm 3 30 20 10 0 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Time / s (c) Sketch the graph shown in Figure 1 and label the curve A. (i) (ii) The experiment is repeated using the same mass of magnesium ribbon and the same volume of acid of concentration 0.3 mol dm −3 . Show on the same sketch the curve you would expect to obtain and label it B. Explain your choice at a molecular level. [3] The experiment is repeated using the same mass of magnesium powder and the same volume of acid of concentration 0.6 mol dm −3 . Show on the same sketch the curve you would expect to obtain and label it C. Explain your choice at a molecular level. [3] (This question continues on the following page) 221-153 –9– M01/420/H(2) (Question 5 continued) (d) From the results of a series of experiments involving magnesium and sulfuric acid, a graph of rate against acid concentration was plotted (Figure 2). Use Figure 2 to deduce the order of reaction with respect to sulfuric acid. [2] Figure 2 0.01 0.008 Rate / 0.006 mol dm −3 s −1 0.004 0.002 0 0 (e) (f) 221-153 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0 0 0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.0 [H 2SO 4 ] / mol dm −3 Under the conditions used, the order of reaction with respect to magnesium is zero. Give the rate expression for this reaction. Calculate the value of the rate constant and give its units. State how the value of the rate constant would change if the experiment were repeated at a higher temperature. [4] Sketch an enthalpy level diagram for an exothermic reaction, showing the enthalpy change, (∆H), the activation energy, (Ea ) , and the activation energy for the catalysed reaction, (Ecat ) . [5] Turn over – 10 – 6. (a) M01/420/H(2) State the definitions of an acid and a base according to the Brønsted–Lowry and Lewis theories. Give a different equation to illustrate an acid–base reaction for each theory, identifying clearly the acid and the base. State the type of bond formed in a Lewis acid-base reaction. [7] (b) State the difference between a strong acid and a weak acid and give one example of each. [2] (c) Explain qualitatively how an acid-base indicator works. [4] (d) Sodium hydroxide solution is added to aqueous hydrochloric acid. The graph of pH against volume of sodium hydroxide solution added is shown below: 14 pH 7 0 Volume of NaOH solution Sketch clearly labelled corresponding graphs for each of the following and suggest a suitable indicator in each case: (i) [3] (ii) (e) The addition of sodium hydroxide solution to aqueous ethanoic acid. The addition of ammonia solution to aqueous hydrochloric acid. [3] 30 cm3 of 0.100 moldm −3 CH 3COOH is placed in a beaker and mixed with 10 cm3 of 0.100 moldm −3 NaOH . (i) (ii) 221-153 Explain, with the help of an equation, how the solution formed acts as a buffer solution when a small quantity of acid is added to it. [2] Calculate the pH of the buffer solution. (K a of CH3COOH = 1.74 × 10−5 mol dm −3 ) [4] – 11 – 7. (a) M01/420/H(2) Redox equations may be balanced using changes in oxidation number. For the following redox equation calculate the oxidation number of manganese and carbon. Use these values to balance the equation. − 2− + 2+ MnO 4 (aq) + C 2O 4 (aq) + H (aq) → Mn (aq) + CO 2 (g) + H 2 O(l) (b) (i) [5] Draw a cell diagram for the cell formed by connecting the following standard half-cells: 2+ 2+ Ni(s) / Ni (aq) Cd (aq) / Cd(s) (ii) (c) [3] Describe the key features of the standard hydrogen electrode. [3] Given: 2+ − E Ö = −0.2 V 2+ − E Ö = −0.4 V Ni (aq) + 2e → Ni(s) Cd (aq) + 2e → Cd(s) (i) (ii) Write an equation for the reaction in each half-cell, identify the species which is oxidised and the oxidising agent. [4] On the diagram of this cell drawn in (b) (i), label the anode (A), and show, with an arrow, the direction of electron flow in the external circuit. [2] (iii) For the overall cell, calculate its voltage and state the sign of ∆G. (d) (e) [2] An aqueous solution of silver nitrate is electrolysed. Predict the product formed at each electrode. [2] A membrane cell is used to electrolyse aqueous sodium chloride. Hydrogen and sodium hydroxide are produced according to the following equation: − − 2H 2O(l) + 2e → H 2 (g) + 2OH (aq) A current of 20 A is passed through the solution for 5 hours. Calculate the number of moles of OH − produced, and the mass of sodium hydroxide formed. 221-153 [4] Turn over – 12 – 8. M01/420/H(2) (a) For each of the molecules C2 H 2 , C2 Cl4 and SF4 , draw their Lewis (electron dot) structure, and use the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory to predict their shape and bond angles. [10] (b) State the type of hybridisation in C2 H 2 and C2 Cl4 . (c) Draw two resonance structures for each of the ethanoate ion ( CH3CO 2 ) and the benzene molecule. (d) [2] − [4] Comment on (i) the carbon to oxygen bond length in the ethanoic acid molecule and the ethanoate ion. [4] (ii) the fact that benzene tends not to undergo addition reactions; [2] (iii) the relative acidities of ethanoic acid and ethanol ( pK a = 4.76 and approximately 16 respectively). 221-153 [3] ...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 05/02/2008 for the course CHEM 142,152,16 taught by Professor Unknown during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online