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Essential Questions:How did debates over political values (democracy, freedom) and the extension of American ideals contribute to America’s role in WWII?What impact did WWII have on America’s role in world affairs?What actions are justifiable in war?How did WWII impact America politically, socially, economically, militarily?Appeasement Makes the Aggressor More AggressiveHitler•German chancellor who imposed a brutal dictatorship onGermany and began a program to purify it of Jews - whom he considered an "inferior race" responsible for Germany's defeat in World War INazis•Hitler led the National Socialist German Workers' Party, also known as the Nazi Party, in the 1920s and became dictator of Germany in 1933Hirohito•Emperor of Japan •Allowed to stay on his throne despite unconditional surrender policyTojo•General of Japan during World War II •He gave his approval for the attack on Pearl Harbor and played a major role in Japan's military decisions until
he resigned in 1944Mussolini•Dictator who ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943, Mussolini suppressed dissent and liberty, imposed one-party rule and strictly controlled business and laborChamberlain•British Prime Minister Neville•Part of Munich Pact- gave Germany the Sudetenland, while Hitler promised that he would seek no new territoriesAppeasement•The process of making concessions to pacify, quiet, or satisfy the other party•“Appeasement Makes the Aggressor More Aggressive”Good Neighbor Policy•Implemented by President Roosevelt, renounced any nation's right to intervene in the affairs of another•1933 the US signed a formal convention that “No state has the right to intervene in the internal or external affairs of another” ◦To support this he withdrew the last US troops from Haiti and the Dominican Republic, persuaded American bankers to loosen their grip on Haiti’s central banking system, renounced the Platt Amendment, and reduced the US role in Panamanian affairsIsolation to InterventionSt. Louis
•June 1939 a vessel named the St. Louis, carrying 900 Jewish refugees, asked permission to put the people in Florida◦Immigration officials refused the request and had a Coast Guard ship deployed to prevent people from jumping ship and swimming to shore◦It went back to Germany where many of its passengers would dieNeutrality Acts•Prohibited sale of arms to belligerents in a war; banned loans to belligerents; citizens cannot travel to countries at war or travel on armed ships; passed to prevent American involvement in future overseas warsLend-Lease•