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Anthro_Quiz_8 - 4 Neurons are the information carrying...

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Sheet1 Page 1 1. What is meant by the term "encephalization?" How is it different than the ratio of the brain to the body? - Encephalization is a measure of brain proportion that tries to "correct" for allometric effects - Not just brain/body ratio which changes with size - Measure of the positive deviation with respect to the average brain/body size trend - Allometry is the unequal scaling relationship of brain and body size * needs more explanation, don't really understand 2. Describe one way to make yourself more encephalized and one way to make yourself less encephalized over the course of 3. On average a monkey or ape has a brain that is twice the size of the brain of a carnivore, rodent, or ungulate (hoofed anima
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Unformatted text preview: 4. Neurons are the information carrying cells of the brain. Describe 3 ways in which neurons are special and are unlike most o t h 5. The tissues of the brain are traditionally divided into white and gray matter. What is the difference (what cellular structures d 6. Which of the following has the largest ratio of brain size to body size? a. Chimpanzee b. Human c. Mouse d. Australopithecus boisei e. Gigantopithecus 7. Which of the above species likely has the 2nd largest brain size on the list?...
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