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Unformatted text preview: Name: PID: Midterm 1, Math 109  Winter 2008 Duration: 50 minutes Please close your books, turn off your calculators and phones. To get full credit you should explain your answers. 1.a. (2 points) Show that ( P and Q ) P is equivalent to P Q . Proof. Use truth tables. P Q P Q (P and Q) (P and Q) P T T T T T T F F F F F T T F T F F T F T b.(3 points) Show that ( a + b ) parenleftbigg 1 a + 1 b parenrightbigg 4 for any real and positive numbers a and b . When does equality hold ? Proof. Solution 1 If x and y are real numbers, then ( x y ) 2 0. This implies that x 2 + y 2 2 xy 0 which means that x 2 + y 2 2 xy (1) In (1), replace x by a and y by b . We obtain a + b 2 ab > (2) In (1), replace x by 1 a and y by 1 b . We obtain 1 a + 1 b 2 1 ab > (3) Multiplying (2) and (3), we obtain ( a + b ) parenleftbigg 1 a + 1 b parenrightbigg (2 ab )(2 1 ab ) = 4 ....
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This note was uploaded on 04/30/2008 for the course MATH 109 taught by Professor Knutson during the Winter '06 term at UCSD.
 Winter '06
 Knutson
 Math

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