history final - Election of 1932 took place as the effects of the 1929 Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression were being felt intensely across the

history final - Election of 1932 took place as the effects...

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Election of 1932 took place as the effects of the 1929 Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression were being felt intensely across the country. Republican President Herbert Hoover's popularity was falling as voters felt he was unable to reverse the economic collapse, or deal with prohibition. Franklin D. Roosevelt used what he called Hoover's failure to deal with these problems as a platform for his own election, promising reform in his policy called the New Deal. Economics was dominant, and the sort of cultural issues that had dominated previous elections including Catholicism and the Ku Klux Klan were dormant. Prohibition was a favorite Democratic target, as few Republicans tried to defend it. Roosevelt won by a landslide, and this "critical election" marked the collapse of the Progressive Era. The voters soon were realigned into Roosevelt's New Deal Coalition. Japanese Relocation Camps- Shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin D. Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066, authorizing the secretary of war to designate military zones within the U.S. from which "any or all persons may be excluded." The order became the basis for the mass relocation and internment of some 110,000 Americans of Japanese ancestries, including both citizens and non- citizens of the United States. In March 1942, Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt established a massive exclusion zone along the west coast and demanded that all persons of Japanese ancestry report to civilian assembly centers. On short notice, thousands were forced to close businesses, abandon farms and homes, and move into War Relocation Camps . Some of the detainees were repatriated to Japan, and others moved eastward to other parts of the U.S. outside of the exclusion zones. A number even enlisted with the U.S. Army. The relocation camps lasted until 1946, when all of the Japanese were allowed by the US government to leave the camps. Atomic Bomb- At approximately 8.15am on 6 August 1945 a US B-29 bomber dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima, instantly killing around 80,000 people. Three days later, a second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, causing the deaths of 40,000 more. The dropping of the bombs, which occurred by executive order of US President Harry Truman, remains the only nuclear attack in history. It is resulted in the success of the Manhattan Project. In the months following the attack, roughly 100,000 more people died slow, horrendous deaths as a result of radiation poisoning. The effects of the attack were devastating. The predicted Japanese surrender, which came on 15 August, just six days after the detonation over Nagasaki - ended World War II. Yet the shocking human effects soon led many to cast doubts upon the use of this weapon. Korean War was a conflict between the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea) and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) in which at least 2.5 million persons lost their lives. The war reached international proportions in June 1950 when North Korea, supplied and advised by the Soviet Union, launched a surprise attack across the 38 th parallel. President Truman immediately asked the U.N. Security

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