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THEATRE EXAM 3 REVIEW - CHAPTER 15 Avant-garde Any work of...

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CHAPTER 15 Avant-garde: Any work of art that is experimental, innovative, or unconventional; Styles of avant-garde: symbolism, expressionism, futurism, Dadaism, surrealism, and absurdism 3 reasons for Avant-garde’s rise: 1.) Reaction to Realism/Naturalism 2.) Reaction to the popularity of film 3.) Reaction to fascism & the World Wars (genocide, etc.) Meyerhold: Originally a member of the Moscow Art Theatre Pioneer (1 st ) of Avant-garde theatre Theatre should be distinct from film: Antirealism & Theatricality Actors’ bodies are their main instruments: Biomechanics (very dramatic body use) Actors should not hold characters’ thoughts or emotions inside of them. They should show them with their bodies-sculpture & movement rhythm (his sculptures convey the actors’ emotions, etc.) actors-rhythmic motion Clip: People are helpless against society (machines…) Constructivist : Meyerhold believed that theatre should represent something different from everyday reality; Resisted the use of representational sets, using more abstract constructions on stage; EX: as opposed to the single machine that dominated the stage, a series of discrete apparatuses were created that could be combined to make larger constructions or used separately; he apparatuses were manipulated in a variety of ways by the actors; The director builds a bridge from the spectator to the actor Theatre should reach truths beyond/underneath reality: Symbolism : A design style or theatre genre in which a certain piece of scenery, a costume, or light represent the essence of the entire environment; Spiritual/metaphysical truth beyond the physical world Expressionism : A style that shows the audience the action of the play through the mind of one character. Instead of seeing photographic reality, the audience sees the character’s own emotions and point of view; inner/emotional truth (what is true about me?); political theatre (right after WWI) Eugene O’Neill’s The Hairy Ape (1922) is best example of expressionism-Yank fueling a ship; At the beginning of the play, Yank thinks that his life is important and useful because he is one of the men who make the ship move. The ship-owners daughter visits the engine room & is shocked by what she sees. To her, the room seems like a steel cage, & the stokers look like Neanderthals- sees Yank as an animal; She faints. Yank then begins to question his point of view. He visits NYC & sees it as a slave to grotesque commercialism & inhabited by identical puppets with toneless voices. When “puppets” ignore him, he lashes out and goes to jail. He seeks revenge by destroying the complex social machine that is controlling his life, be can find no support. Goes to zoo and finds gorilla that understands him. Frees him and it crushes him and throws him into the cage…Yank dies humiliated, realizing that he had no power over the massive machine that dominated his life; reading the world as cold place because everyone is mean…Ape kills him- shows society as slaves to war machine
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Wacky Fun: Futurism, Dada, & Surrealism Futurism
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THEATRE EXAM 3 REVIEW - CHAPTER 15 Avant-garde Any work of...

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