CHEN 1000 Biotech Lecture 2 Notes

CHEN 1000 Biotech Lecture 2 Notes - The newest...

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The newest Biotechnology… http://www.genochoice.com What would go into designing your own baby? • genes • ways to engineer the genes • knowledge of how the genes affected traits • How does a particular gene(s) result in red hair?
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The Cell: The Basic Unit of Life • Microscopes are needed to visualize cells. Electron microscopes allow observation of greater detail than light microscopes do. Review Figure 4.4 Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic • All organisms are made up of cells • Two main organizational patterns for cells – Prokaryotic: Bacteria and Archaea • No membrane enclosed internal compartments • Simplest – Eukaryotic: Us, plants, fungi, • Membrane enclosed internal compartments • More complex
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Prokaryotic Cells • Diverse sources of energy/nutrients, present everywhere • All prokaryotic cells have a plasma membrane, a nucleoid region with DNA, and a cytoplasm containing ribosomes, dissolved enzymes, water, and small molecules. • Some prokaryotes have a cell wall, outer membrane,
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CHEN 1000 Biotech Lecture 2 Notes - The newest...

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