Anthropology 3700 Works and Ideas

Anthropology 3700 Works and Ideas - Review Outline...

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Review Outline Suggestions : This test will be structured differently than the other tests, so don’t rely on past tests if you have them. Don’t rely solely on this outline either, I based it on what people have told me is not clear from lecture (and general issues). This isn’t all that you need to know so I’ve suggested what you should in most places rather than just doing the studying for you. Also, don’t follow what I say verbatim, remember that these authors have very particular vocabularies and that I’ll be grading the exams (I’ll notice immediately if you’ve memorized what I’ve said)! And don’t just memorize key terms, understand how they function, pardon the pun, within a larger conceptual framework set out by each author as well as across the various authors we’ve read. If you don’t read or review your notes you will be in trouble when the exam falls in your lap. Be sure to look at the questions Dr. Canfield posted on the online syllabus. You can find the link to these on the website. If you know the answers to those questions, great. If you don’t, though, I suggest you read the editors’ notes in every assigned article in the MW book and another sound strategy would be to look at what Dr. Canfield underlined, circled, or highlighted in the others. These will really help you get a grasp of what each author is trying to say and aid you in understanding things from a more comparative perspective. On top of that, read the introductions to each tradition in your textbook. The more background you have on these authors the better. Good luck studying and feel free to e-mail me before Monday with any substantive questions you might have. If you ask me to tease something out of the reading, though, I’ll just direct you back to it…that is your job as a student. BRITISH SOCIAL ANTHROPOLOGY : Section 1 British Functionalism [ see pgs. 153-156 in MW] 1. Bronislaw Malinowski As you saw in the film and the readings, Malinowski really established long-term fieldwork and participant observation as the mainstays of the professional anthropologist more than he made a long- lasting theoretical paradigm. Think about the armchair social scientists we studied in the first section, can you see a change in the kind of data they’re collecting and what conclusions they’re coming to? What is the function? In a nutshell, Malinowski sees society and culture as functioning for the achievement of individual needs: material (e.g. house, food, reproduction) and psychological (e.g. as met through magic, ritual, or religion). For a clear explanation of this, read the editors’ notes from “Essentials of the Kula” in your textbook. Malinowski differs from Radcliffe-Brown in this regard through his individualistic focus rather than casting individuals as instruments who more or less lack agency in a socio-cultural system or structure. For an elaboration of this, see the article “The Group and the Individual in Functional Analysis.” I suggest you read the conclusion first but not exclusively of course.
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