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Creative Technology Exam III

Creative Technology Exam III - I Bioterrorism(p...

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1. Bioterrorism : (p. 149-167) [Chapter 13 Understanding Biotechnology] 1. Bioterrorism ~ term used to describe the offensive employment of biological substances or toxins with the objective of causing harm to an individual or group of individuals 1. Activities include : 1. Cause damage, intimidation, coercion, and are usually associated with threats causing public panic 2. Most common biological agents used as weapons 1. Microorganisms and their associated toxins ~ which can be used to promote disease or death in people, animals, and even plants 3. Anthrax and especially smallpox are considered to be the most serious threats due to high fatality rate among infected individuals, the possibility of transmission in aerosol form, and rwlative ease of large-scale production 4. Agents of contamination can be dispersed via air, water, food, and elsewhere 5. NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) recently listed 39 biological agents that could be used as weapons by terrorist 6. Positive usage of Biotechnology in Bioterrorism: 1. Early warning indicators, more precise diagnostic procedures, therapy, vaccines, pathogen identification, and new pharmaceuticals
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2. Know which are Viruses, Bacteria, and Toxins. What do they do? How do they spread? Are Vaccines Available? 1. Bacteria 1. Anthrax ~ serious disease caused by Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium that forms spores. Bacillus anthracis was first bacterium shown to be the cause of a disease . Infection can occur From animals : handling products from infected animals or by breathing in anthrax spores from infected animal products (like wool for example). Also, eating undercooked meat from infected animals will make humans infected with gastrointestinal anthrax 1. There are three types of Anthrax 1. Skin (cutaneous), (ii) Lungs (Inhalation), (iii) Digestive (gastrointestinal). Cutaneous (skin contact) is least dangerous. Early treatment with antibiotics can cure it. Even untreated, 80% of those infected do not die. Gastrointestinal ~ ¼ to ½ lead to death.
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Creative Technology Exam III - I Bioterrorism(p...

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