Intro to Psych Unit 1 Review Sheet - Psychology Test 1...

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Psychology Test 1 Research Methods, Biological Psychology, Sensation and Perception, and Motivation and Consciousness Research Methods 1773 : New Public Hospital -Williamsburg, VA -first “hospital” for mental conditions -prison like -mental illness was seen as something you chose -torture helped people “change their minds” -hospital burned before psychotherapy/medicinal help developed 1879 : psychology separates from philosophy and becomes an independent discipline -Wundt opens the first university-based psych. lab @ Univ. of Leipzig 2005 : multiple types of psychology create broader scope (see examples) -Social psychology : Kitty Genevise case study -rape/murder victim whose 39 neighbors heard her screaming but did NOT call 911 or try to help her - diffusion of responsibility : the greater the # of people, the less responsibility is felt upon the individual -Physiological psychology : deals with the interaction of the body and the brain -Psychopathology : study of abnormal behavior -has changed greatly in the last 50 years -treatment has advanced greatly physiologically -ex: drug therapy Psychology – the study of behavior and mind -has become a science: combination of research and scientific method -this is an extremely broad definition -mind: subjective experience -behavior: actions and expressions of thoughts and feelings “Battle of the Schools” – different ways of thinking about psychology -arguments over approaches and content - general consensus : need to apply scientific principles, scientific method Structuralism : first school of psychology, founded by Wilhelm Wundt -started the first independent psychology lab (see above) -basic principles of structuralism -break things down to understand them better -understand how the components react with each other
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-understand how components work to create the whole -Ex: how long does it take to make a decision? -have subject perform two “reaction-time” tasks 1) hit space bar when they see a light go on 2) hit space bar when they see a blue light go on, hit enter bar when red light goes on -the time difference between the 2 tasks is the time it takes to make the decision - cognitive psychology : based on the foundation of Wundt’s idea that complex mental processes can be understood as sequences of more elementary processes and that the latter can be measured as reaction times Functionalism : second school of psychology, founded by William James -started in the 1900s -emphasizes the purpose and function of the mind -heavily influenced by Darwin and the theory of evolution -behavior can be understood in terms of its purpose, w/o mechanics -every aspect of personality and ability is caused by the function of fulfilling a need -Ex: learning language -Functionalism asks the question: why? what function does this serve?
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