Linguistic Anth. Chapter 4

Linguistic Anth. - • Jose finally decided on the boat • The governor's appointment was shocking • The design has funky triangles and circles

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Words and Sentences Chapter 4
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“Bad” grammar Think of 7 song titles that may have “bad” grammar, but would lose the effect if they were corrected. For example Ain’t misbehavin’
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Morphology Morpheme Morphological analysis Content words v. function words
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Derivational Morphology Affixes Prefix Suffix Infix Circumfix Reduplication Interweaving Portmanteau / blending
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Inflectional Morphology
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Syntax Sentence structure The infinite nature of language I hate celery. You know that I hate celery. She told Sam that you know that I hate celery.
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Syntax Obligatory categories Ambiguity Prescriptive grammars Descriptive grammars
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Ambiguity Identify the two (or more) possible meanings of each sentence. Then explain why the sentences are ambiguous. For example, No smoking section available.
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Unformatted text preview: • Jose finally decided on the boat. • The governor's appointment was shocking. • The design has funky triangles and circles. • The sheepdog is too hairy to eat. • The mayor is a dirty street-brawler. • I cannot recommend him too highly. • Jean-Paul loves his girlfriend and so do I. • She said they would show up yesterday. Reflection • Which of the following sentences is more likely true? Are they equally possible? Why? • I learn a new word every day. • I learn a new sentence every day. Pullet surprises • Stalemate a husband or wife no longer interested. • Effusive able to be merged • Tenet a group of ten singers • Dermatology a study of derms • Ingenious not very smart • Finesse a female fish...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course ANTHR 3361 taught by Professor Barto during the Spring '08 term at SMU.

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Linguistic Anth. - • Jose finally decided on the boat • The governor's appointment was shocking • The design has funky triangles and circles

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