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Unformatted text preview: November 26, 2007 Myth and Philosophy Philosophical Criticism of Myth Myth in Greek and Roman Culture • An absolutely central role- Used to explore ideas a bout the n ature of the divine, the relationship of p eople to the divine, and people’s relationships with one a nother in both family and political contex- Overlapp ed a nd interacted with worship, with history, with politics; used to creat e a n reinforce co m m un al identity • Did the ancient Greeks a nd Romans believe their myths? Did they think that their my were true? • Myth a bout heroes:- Som e atte m pts to an alyze a myth critically a nd m ake it believable as history (Plutarc Theseus)- More often, myths simply accepted a s stories and us ed to explore m oral and social is (Aeschylus, Euripides, Vergil) and/or to create and reinforce com m un al identity (monu m ents of Periclean Athens a nd Augustan Rome; Aeschylus, Vergil) • Myths about gods:- Myth was only one way of thinking a bout the n ature of the gods; cult, the actual ritua worship (sacrifice, prayer), provided a noth er way, one that only loosely overlapped w myth a nd that in so m e resp ects was more important (it was through cult that people...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course CLAS 131 taught by Professor James during the Fall '07 term at UNC.
- Fall '07