November 5- Myth and History, The Trojan War

November 5- Myth and History, The Trojan War - November 5...

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Unformatted text preview: November 5, 2007 Myth and History The Trojan War • One of the most important cycles of myths in ancient Greek world: origins, events, aftermath (see summary in Carpenter, ch. 9-10)- Hom er, Iliad : one interconnected set of episodes from the 10 th year of Trojan War (title from ‘Ilion’, another name for Troy)- Hom er, Odyssey : return of Odysseus- Epic Cycle: s eries of e pic poe m s covering e ntire story of Trojan War (now lost)- Many references a nd associated stories in wide rang e of ancient literature and art The Trojan War in Antiquity • Ancient Greeks a nd Rom ans regarded the ev ents of the Trojan War as historical (even history m ore of the mythos than logos type)- Herodotus 1.3-4: Trojan War the first m ajor conflict betwe en Europe and Asia- Thucydides 1.9-11: Military/econo mic a n alysis of Trojan War • Dat e?- Herodotus: c.1250 BCE- Eratosthen es (scientist and scholar of the third century BCE) • Ilion (Latin Ilium) founded by Greek s ettlers c.700 BCE, suppos edly on the site of a ncient Troy • A popular tourist site in the Hellenistic and Rom an p eriods (Alexander the Great) • Favored by the Rom ans bec aus e of supposed connection through Anaeus The Trojan War: Legend? • With the rise of m od ern critical history in the 18 th and 19 th centuries, the Trojan War largely relegated to the sphere of legend • Some attempts in early/mid 19 th century to identify site of Troy • Heinrich Schliemann- Born in northern Germ any, 1822; d. 1896- Son of poor pastor, becomes fascinated with Homer as a boy- Becomes successful businessman, retires a wealthy man (in 1858?) and devotes himsBecomes successful businessman, retires a wealthy man (in 1858?...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course CLAS 131 taught by Professor James during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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November 5- Myth and History, The Trojan War - November 5...

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