August 31- The Nature of Gods and Visual Representation

August 31- The Nature of Gods and Visual Representation -...

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08-31 The Nature of the Gods ‘Our’ Conception of God Eternal and transcendent, outside/above the physical cosmos Creator of the cosmos Supremely powerful over all aspects of the cosmos Supremely good: defines and judges The Ancient Greek Conception? Multiple deities -Greek theos (compare Latin deus ) -polytheistic (Greek poly , ‘many’) Anthropomorphic deities Human form Gender -sexual reproduction -birth Human emotions and desires -interactions: e.g., conversations, meals -relationships, positive and negative, with both gods and humans What distinguishes gods from humans? Immortality: gods are born, but never grow old and die
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Unformatted text preview: • Greater glory and beauty • Greater power, often associated with particular aspects of the physical or human world What distinguishes the ancient Greek conception of gods from ‘our’ conception of God? • Immortal rather than eternal Visual Representations of Gods • Gender • Age (for male gods) • Attributes: distinctive objects, articles of clothing Athena • Aegis-goat skin, often fringed with snakes-Gorgon head • Arms-helmet-spear-shield • Animals-owl-snake Zeus • Adult male (bearded) • Lightning bolt • Eagle • Scepter...
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August 31- The Nature of Gods and Visual Representation -...

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