September 12- Theogony & Works and Days

September 12- Theogony & Works and Days - September...

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Unformatted text preview: September 12, 2007 Prometheus and Pandora What are the main differences of the Pandora Myth in Theogony and Works and Days? In Theogony, Hesiod includes Pandora's creation and physical characteristics. She is the first mortal woman: `From her is the race of female women' (Theogony 594). Pa n d or a is n a m e d in and Days (101). Works o In Greek: pan = "all, every"; dora = "gifts" In Works and Days, the account is more detailed, and Hesiod gives Pandora specific character traits. Zeus gives orders to younger Olympians: o To Athena: "teach her embroidery and weaving" (W&D 83) o To Aphrodite: "spill grace on her head and painful desire and knee-weakening anguish" (W&D 84-5) o To Hermes: "give her a bitchy mind and a cheating heart" (W&D 87). Hermes also gave Pandora her name and voice (W&D 100) - Pa n d or a "t o ok t h e lid off t h e bi g jar wit h h e r h a n d s a n d s c a t t e r e d all t h e mi s e ri e s t h a t s orrow for m e n . Only Ho p e w a s left t h e r e in t h e u n b r e a k a bl e c o n t ai n er. ( all m e n tio n in W&D, none in Theogony) In Theogony, women themselves are punishment for mortals; Pandora is simply the first woman (`from her is the race of female women) - Is t h e r e a m o r al t o t h e s t o ry? Wh er e d o e s He sio d w ar n u s a b o u t t h e c o n s e q u e n c e s of e x c e s siv e c uriosity? o He d o e s n't! o In b o t h Theogony and Works and Days, Prometheus is ultimately responsible for mankind being punished by the gods What do these myths (Prometheus and Pandora) tell us about the relationship between mortals and their gods? In Theogony, Hesiod provides the earliest aetiology for details of the sacrifice ritual. If w e a s s u m e t h e b o n d b e t w e e n m a n kin d a n d Pro m e t h e u s w a s a v e ry clo s e o n e , a s H d o e s , hi s a c c o u n t s h o w s u s t h a t r e v er e n c e w a s a k e y c o m p o n e n t of h o w t h e Gr e e k s t h o u g h t of t h eir r el a tio n s hip wit h t h e g o d s . Th e Five Ag e s froWorks and Days m Golden Age This r a c e of m e n w a s cr e a t e d w h e n Kron o s r ul e d Mort als live d like t h e g o d s: n o t oil, g ri ef, o r old a g e Th e la n d w a s pl e n tiful a n d di d n o t n e e d t o b e far m e d Th e g o d s lov e d t h e m , a n d t h e y di e d p e a c ef ully (`it w a s like s h e e p ju s t r a v el e d t h e m u Works and Days 137) Silver Age Cr e a t e d b y t h e Oly m pi a n s , t h e y r e q uir e d 1 0 0 y e a r s of c hild h o o d Live d p ai nf ul a n d s h o r t a d ult liv e s `b e c a u s e of t h eir lack of wit s' ( 1 5 5) Th e y h u r t o n e a n o t h e r, a n d DID NOT s a c rific e Z e u s si m ply `did a w a y wit h t h e m' ( 1 5 9) Bro nz e Ag e Mort als w er e `m a d e o u t of a s h tr e e s , kin d of m o n s tr o u s a n d h e a v y, a n d all t h e y c ar e d a b o u t w a s figh tin g a n d w ar. Th e y di d n't e a t a n y foo d a t all' ( 1 6 6-8) Ag e of Hero e s Cr e a t e d b y Z e u s , `also c all e d d e mi g o d s , t h e r a c e b ef or e t h e pr e s e n t o n e' (1 8 1-2 ) He sio d m e n tio n s t h e gr e a t w a r s a t Th e b e s a n d Troy Z e u s pl a c e s t h e s e h e r o e s in t h e Isle s of t h e Ble s t af t e r t h eir d e a t h s Did n o t c oincid e wit h t h e Bro nz e Ag e Th e Iron Ag e ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course CLAS 131 taught by Professor James during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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