August 27- Historical Background and Literary Sources

August 27- Historical Background and Literary Sources -...

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August 27, 2007 Historical Background and Literary Sources Bronze Age C. 1800-1100 BCE Reason for name? Bronze the most important metal (esp. for weapons) Highly developed civilizations in Near East (Egypt, Mesopotamia, Anatolia Mycenaean civilization in Greece -Mycenae and other sites -Palace cultures -Script: Linear B; used mostly for inventories Early Iron Age C. 1100-800 BCE Reason for name? Appearance and importance of iron ‘Dark Age’ Major upheavals throughout Near East, c. 1200-1100 End of Mycenaean civilization: collapse of palace cultures, disappearance of Linear B Origins of many Greek myths? Archaic Period C. 800-500 BCE Origins of ‘typical’ ancient Greek culture Rise of polis (city-state): e.g., Athens, Thebes, Sparta Overseas trade and colonization Introduction of alphabet from Phoenicia Earliest Greek Literature Homer -epic
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-Iliad (c. 750?) -Odyssey (c. 725) -From oral tradition to written poem Hesiod (c. 700?) -‘wisdom’ poetry (didactic)
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Unformatted text preview: -Theogony and Works and Days • Hymns (c. 675-525?)-anonymous Classical Period • C. 500-300 BCE • Persian Wars: 490 and 480-79 BCE • Rivalry among major Greek city-states • Tragedy in Athens-Poetry; drama-Aeschylus (c. 525-456 BCE)-Euripides (c. 485-406 BCE) • ‘Philosophy’-critique of traditional wisdom-begins in 6 th century BCE-Plato (c. 429-347 BCE): prose! Hellenistic Period • 323-31 BCE Hellene = Greek Hellenize = to adopt Greek culture Hellenistic = period of adopted Greek culture • Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE) • Territorial kingdoms • Literature becomes self-consciously ‘literary’ and scholarly • Roman Republic: 510-31 BCE • Roman conquest of Mediterranean world: c. 250-150 BCE • Romans heavily influenced by Greek culture, but keep Latin language • Roman civil wars: first century BCE • Augustus becomes first ‘emperor’ of Rome: 31 BCE...
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course CLAS 131 taught by Professor James during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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August 27- Historical Background and Literary Sources -...

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