Forensic Science Test 1 Study Guide

Forensic Science Test 1 Study Guide - Forensic Science Test...

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Forensic Science Test 1 Study Guide 06/02/2008 22:01:00 Chapter 1 Forensic Science is the application of science to the criminal and civil laws  that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system. Founding fathers of forensic science o Sir Arthur Conan Doyle Writer.  Sherlock Holmes. First imagined many forensic tactics  before they were ever put into use Mathie Orfila. Toxicologist Alphonse Bertillon. Bodily identification Francis Galton. Fingerprints Leone Lattes. Procedure for determining blood groups Calvin Goddard. Ballistics Albert Osborn. Documents Walter C. McCrone. Analytical technology Hans Gross.  Wrote first treatise describing the application of  scientific disciplines Edmond Locard. LOCARDS PRINCIPLE: When two objects  come into contact there is some type of transaction between the  two J. Edgar Hoover started a big crime scare around 1923 with the creation of  the FBI. The oldest forensic laboratory in the United States is that of the Los Angeles  Police Department, created in 1923. Basic Services provided by Full-Service Crime Labs. o Physical Science Unit Applies General Sciences to crime scene evidence o Biology Unit
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Perform DNA profiling o Firarms Unit o Document Examination Unit o Photography Unit Frye Case: o Regarding the legitimacy of a polygraph test o Makes the scientific community the gatekeeper for admissibility of  evidence in court. o (A little slow) Daubert Case o Established legal precident that eseentially the judge assumes the  ultimate responsibility for acting as a “gatekeeper” in judging the  admissibilityof scientific  Kumho Tire  o Backs up Daubert case and furthers it from scientific knowledge to  technical and other specialized knowledge as well. (Expert Testimony) Rigor Mortis (The rigidity of the body after death0 Livor Mortis (Settling of blood) Algor Mortis (The body loosing heat after death) Chapter 2 (Identifying the Crime Scene) Physical Evidence o Any object that can establish that a crime has been committed or can  link a crime and its victim to its perpetrator The first thing you should do when you get to a crime scene is preserve and  protect the area as much as possible.
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Obtain medical assistance for those who need it, then get unauthorized ppl  out without disturbing anything Record the Scene o Photography Photograph crime scene as much as possible o Sketches Once the scene is photographed you should sketch the scene Do it first by hand then use CAD software
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course PHI 191 taught by Professor Dunno during the Spring '08 term at Syracuse.

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Forensic Science Test 1 Study Guide - Forensic Science Test...

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