D- Three Caliphates after the Abbasid Revolution

D- Three Caliphates after the Abbasid Revolution -...

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Discussion 1 September 13, 2007 Ummayad Caliphate Ummayad army kept regional leaders from breaking off 740: Great Berber Revolt- Mahgrib Many armed forces sent to crush revolt- overstretched army Factions among Arab elite Non-Arabs excluded- Ummayads were “Arab elitists” 745: resistance movements start gaining strength because Ummayad army losing strength Abbasid Caliphate coalition of Alids, Shiite groups and tribe who traces lineage back to Abbas (uncle of prophet) 747: army marched from Quraysan and took Baghdad capital moved to Baghdad- center for intellectual thought, commercial power Abu al-Abbas, “al-Saffah” o Gathered Ummayad family and killed them o All of Ummayad family killed except for one o Shuns Shia parts of coalition and declares himself caliph o Why was it necessary for Abbas to declare himself caliph? Religious legitimacy Part of Quraysh tribe 750-770: consolidation of Abbasid power 786-809: al-Rashid o relative peace in the Abbasid empire
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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D- Three Caliphates after the Abbasid Revolution -...

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