Mohammad, the Quran, and the Articulation of Islam

Mohammad, the Quran, and the Articulation of Islam - Middle...

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Middle East I Lecture 2 9/11/07 Muhammad, the Quran and Islam Islam Etymology of the word: “to surrender” Religion, identity, and philosophy o Various meanings War in the Balkans- Bosnians often referred to as Muslims Islam as a political ideology o Islamic Fundamentalism- many misunderstandings Sources of Islam Quran Hadith Sira (biographies) Many sources come from a later period Quran The word of God revealed to Mohammed through Gabriel Compiled under Caliph Uthman (644-656)- third caliph Most nonmuslims don’t accept the quran as the word of God, although they do admit that Mohammad received revelations Distinguish between 1) revelations of Prophet in trancelike state in his role as a divine revelator and 2) his speeches as leader of Muslim community Hadith - recorded Muhammad’s actions as leader of community Compiled in about 2 or 3 decades Prophet only mentioned 4 times by name Sira (biographies) Not composed until the century after the death of Muhammad Ibn Ishaq (d. 767) Other biographies that date from 9 th century Historian that died in 933? Different episodes recorded in different sources/biographies Situate him in Arab pattern of man of noble origin Reflect religious, political rivalry of the time during which they were composed o Rivalries in Iraq in 8 th century Sunna - customs of Muhammad and the early Muslims Hadith
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Certain hadith seem tailored to suit certain groups
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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Mohammad, the Quran, and the Articulation of Islam - Middle...

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