L-Chingiz Khan and his Mongols

L-Chingiz Khan and his Mongols - Middle East History I...

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Middle East History I Lecture: Chingiz Khan and his Mongols 9/25/07 The Mongols In the west, middle east history often presented as Christianity vs Islam- Crusades are emphasized more from European perspective No empire has risen so quickly as the Mongols Less than 2 generations, band of Turkic-Mongol tribes grouped huge territory Many Turkish tribes living in Mongol steppes o Spoke both Turkish and Mongolian o These languages belong to Altic (?) language family Turko-Mongolian tribes intermarried frequently o Custom: marry outside of your own tribe Most important tribe: Tatars o Lived in Eastern Mongolia o Other important tribes: Keraits, Merkit, Naimans 1130: Mongols emerged as powerful tribe, defeating neighboring nomads- forcing Jin empire in Northern China China: 3 empires: o Sung- southern China o Jin- northern china o ? Mongol state shattered by neighboring Tatars 1162-1167: approximate time of Chinigiz Khan’s birth o Most important tribe is the Tartars during this time- had support of Jin empire that controlled Northern China Persian source: Tartars spoke their own language
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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L-Chingiz Khan and his Mongols - Middle East History I...

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