L-Crisis,transformation and the Arab lands

L-Crisis,transformat - L Crisis Transformation and the Arab lands Language Ottoman Turkish Ottoman elite o educated in madrasas Qadis followed

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L: Crisis, Transformation and the Arab lands November 26, 2007 Language: Ottoman Turkish Ottoman elite o educated in madrasas Qadis followed hanafi madhab Other madhabs prevailed in different parts of the Ottoman empire Frontier theory: – explaining the emergence of empires o Turner Ghaza thesis: Mid 16 th -century, expansion slowed down Ottoman provincial administration o Consideration of geopolitical, economic factors o Three types of administration o 1) Direct Rule Timar system: granting land to military rulers Difference between timar system and European feudal system Fedual system- landlord- o 2) Salyaneli Timary system not introduced Soldiers assigned salaries from tax revenues collected from tax farmers Egypt: not partitioned into timar lands Tax farming: government auctions right to collect taxes Examples: Tunis, Egypt, Yemen, Basra … o 3) Semi-autonomous pastoral tribes Syria and Egypt o Direct rule because of importance
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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L-Crisis,transformat - L Crisis Transformation and the Arab lands Language Ottoman Turkish Ottoman elite o educated in madrasas Qadis followed

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