History Final B

History Final B - Kunkle 1 Sarah Kunkle Professor goston...

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Kunkle 1 Sarah Kunkle Professor Ágoston Emrah Safa Gurkan Middle East Civilization I 17 December 2007 Military Slavery in the Mamluk and Ottoman Empires Both the Mamluk and Ottoman Empires enjoyed political and economic prominence during their respective eras. The institution of military slavery was a large factor in the success of both these states. While military slaves were subject to similar restrictions and served similar purposes under the Mamluks and Ottomans, several key differences existed, specifically regarding their collection and recruitment. The stability of the empires often reflected the effectiveness of this institution; corruption and disorganization of the institution in both states ultimately led to their respective declines. The term mamluk originated with the slave soldiers hired by Arab regimes, beginning in the eighth century. The principal sources of slaves were Turkish people of central Asia; the Arab ruling elites preferred boys from distant regions so that they could easily break established loyalties (Hourani 116). These slaves were also usually non- Muslim as Islamic law forbids the enslavement of freeborn Muslims. After being recruited, mamluks underwent an intense training process and were usually isolated from the rest of society. Although the military slaves of this time period were subject to many restrictions, the mamluk institution was very distinct from the Western institution of slavery. Military slavery generally did not involve forced labor and harsh treatment, and in many cases slaves were eventually freed. In general, the restrictions on mamluks only
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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History Final B - Kunkle 1 Sarah Kunkle Professor goston...

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