D- The consolidation of Islam

D- The consolidation of Islam - Middle East History I...

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Middle East History I Discussion: The Consolidation of Islam, 750-1000: Shi’is, Sunnis and Sufis 9/27/07 Issues of Islamic Identity Weakening of Abbasid Caliphate Birth of Regional authorities- diffusion of authority o Egypt: Turkish slave takes power Caliph al-Mu Issue of authority most important Oral traditions become “textualized” o Two Muslim scholars take oral hadith - becomes Sahih and later the Sunna (practice of Muhammad) Development of shari’ah law Islam and the Urban Centers o Importance of communal prayer- praying together, praying often o Leads to growth of major cities Shi’i Islam Shi’a rallied around Ali- cousin and son-in-law of prophet Mohammad, believed he should be the rightful caliph Ali becomes 4 th caliph Muawiya, governor of Syria,- challenges his right to the caliphate Ali goes to Kufa, rallies supporters Muwaiya and Ali compromise o Some of Ali’s supporters disagree with this compromise Ali assassinated by a Kharijite
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D- The consolidation of Islam - Middle East History I...

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