D- Medeival Islam

D- Medeival Islam - Discussion: 10/11/07 Medieval Islam:...

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Discussion : Medieval Islam: Religion, Science and Urban Culture 10/11/07 History of Cairo Fustat Founded in 751 AD 10 th century: Fatimid control al-Qahira built Fustat destroyed to prevent Crusaders from capturing the city Salidin: unofficially takes over 1151 o 1175: gains legitimate power change to Sunnism from Shiism o madrasas instituted o “Pan-Sunnism” instead of choosing individual school o increased hostility towards “people of the book” – why?? builds Citadel o wanted to separate mamluk soldiers from other citizens o similar to situation in Baghdad o construction of walls- changes focus from Fustat to Cairo shift of power from Fustat to Cairo o famine in 1250 AD- changes dynamics of the city Fustat loses prestige Mechanics Middle East Mechanics originated in Middle East Financed by trade from other regions Al-Jazari: published book with blueprints of his inventions o Clocks, other inventions for the palace o Irrigational technology
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course HIST 160 taught by Professor Agoston during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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D- Medeival Islam - Discussion: 10/11/07 Medieval Islam:...

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