This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.
This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.View Full Document
Unformatted text preview: The Rise of Jazz February 7, 2008 1900-1925, New Orleans Developed as dance music (connections to ragtime and the blues) o Jazz and the blues developed concurrently- constant interchange, cross- pollination Assimilated indigenous traditions not a static tradition, continues to develop and take on new features *Closest ties to ragtime and blues Initially, no recording Pioneered by AA musicians and communities o Storyville, New Orleans- red light district o Similarity to ragtime and the blues o Jazz innovated as a traditional form of music- eventually attracts tradition of music industry and transformed into type of popular music Aural tradition until 1920s Three Phases o 1900-25 o 1925-45 o 1945-60 Early Jazz, 1900-25 o Why New Orleans? Diverse cultural traditions and communities African, Anglo, French, Native, Spanish communities Overlapping of communities- cultural collaboration o Early 20 th century: popularity of ragtime bands o Dance music o Characteristic instrumentation: 5-7 instruments o Maintained divisions of frontline (melody) and rhythm sections (percussion) o Two critical differences in cultivation of ragtime: Tempo much faster (as opposed to ragtime- tempo of march- 120 beats/minute) Incorporated improvisation Referred to as hot or jass (referred to improvisation) The Original Dixieland Jazz Band o Initially, jazz was a local phenomenon o Term jazz coined in NYC o All Anglo ensemble: ODJB o Toured NYC: 1916 o Recorded two tracks in 1917 in NYC Livery Stable Blues Dixie Jass Band One-step Titles: show connection between blues and ragtime o Tiger Rag (1918) o Frontline: Clarinet, Cornet, Trombone- soloists o Rhythm section: piano, drums (woodblocks, symbols) o Style : collective improvisation o Emphasis on soloing (not blend) Soloing simultaneously o Form : AA BB CC DDD EE (five strains about 16 measures long) o Essential features : fast tempo, improvisation, division of band o Chaotic sound- recording technique Joseph King Oliver, 1885-1938 o From Louisiana o Brass bands and dance bands o Expert cornet player and band leader o Achieved distinction in NOLA hot music o Moved to Chicago in 1919 after NOLA authorities close down many of the brothels *Sociological conditions affecting diffusion of music o By 1922, put together Creole Jazz Band- recruited musicians from NOLA o Septet: 2 cornets, clarinet, trombone, drums, piano, bass Introduced Louis Armstrong (on cornet) o Emphasis on musical structure of pieces o Role of improvisation o Dippermouth Blues (1923) Musical significance: illustrates cross-pollination of jazz with blues Utilizes 12 bar blues structure Each 12 bars based on three chords and called a chorus Structure: Short introduction- main melody, head of song Followed by 9 choruses , each 12 bars long (fast 4-beat) o Chorus basis for s olo improvisation...
View Full Document