Rise of Ragtime

Rise of Ragtime - 1 Rise of Ragtime John Philip...

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1 Rise of Ragtime January 31, 2008 John Philip Sousa (1854-1932) o Native to Washington DC o 1876: enrolled in US Marine Corps as musician apprentice (7 years) o 1880: returned as conductor of USMC band o 1892: left military to form own band more lucrative o Sousa Band- world tours o Sousa composed more than 100 marches o Also wrote other genres of music o Recorded considerable amount of music- at turn of century, was most recorded artist o March becomes a type of American popular music- close relationship with the rise of ragtime The Stars and Stripes Forever o Composed in 1896 o Based on four melodies (A-B-C-D) Sousa credited with codifying form of the march o Each played twice, except third “C” strain called “trio” o Form: A-A-B-B-C-D-C-D-C o Virtually all of Sousa’s marches followed this format o Becomes the basis for the structure of ragtime, adopted by Joplin Rise of Ragtime, 1896-1918 o Cakewalk: origins in African American traditions o Two interpretations: dance contest and/or parody of the quadrille o Appropriated by Thomas Rice o Included in the “walk-around” finale of minstrel show Plantation number o Driving tempo with syncopated rhythms (emphasis of backbeat) o 1890s: accompaniment called “ragtime” or “rag” o Reference to syncopation o Instrument of choice: piano o Ragtime transformed into purely instrumental music (less emphasis on dance of cakewalk – more emphasis on the music) Scott Joplin, 1868-1917 o Son of a freed slave o Versatile as an artist- classically trained in voice, piano, violin, coronet Typical of 19 th century- less specialization o Sedalia, Missouri (1894) Railroad hub
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This note was uploaded on 05/01/2008 for the course MUSC 023 taught by Professor Deldonna during the Spring '08 term at Georgetown.

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Rise of Ragtime - 1 Rise of Ragtime John Philip...

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