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Reggae and Funk - Reggae and Funk Origins of Reggae...

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Reggae and Funk April 10, 2008 Origins of Reggae: Kingston, Jamaica Jump music and other genres became very popular in Jamaica Jamaican music incorporated “shuffle” beat into ska Ska : indigenous form that emerged in 1950s o Stressed third beat (up stroke) in rhythmic pattern 1960s: Ska succeeded by “rock steady” Rock Steady : superimposed rock beat on ska (slower tempos, heavy bass, syncopated bass lines) o Walking bass line o Also related to social developments o Rude Boys : group from Kingston ghettoes Incorporated social criticism into their work RS transformed into reggae in late 1960s (specifically 1968) Reggae : emphasis on African style rhythmic patterns (layers of rhythm in traditional AA music), complex bass, percussive guitar Influence of James Brown sound Reggae o Shaped by social customs o Marcus Garvey and Rastafarian religion Garvey immigrated to NYC from Jamaica “Back to Africa Movement” (NYC, 1920s) – self-sufficiency, reclaiming roots Deported back to Jamaica Garvey: “a native king in Africa presaged deliverance” – paraphrasing book of Revelation 1930: Ras Lu Tafari Makonnen crowned Haile Selassi I (seen as fulfillment of Garvey’s prophesies)
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