SPEAKING IN PUBLIC: SPEECH DELIVERY 334
335 C onsider Mia’s story: My sister needed an organ transplant and, as she waited and waited on the organ-transplant waiting list, I learned a lot about the many rules that govern the organ-donation waiting-list system. I decided to give my informative speech on this waiting list, as it is something that I now know a lot about. I practiced my speech and I felt that I was ready. When I delivered my speech, I concluded by telling my audience about my sister. We were very close and she passed away waiting for an organ that never arrived. I started crying; I couldn’t help it. I think it upset the audience. I think everyone will remember my speech and the delivery, but I’m not sure what they’ll remember about organ donation. Mia’s delivery on the topic of organ-donation waiting lists definitely made an impression on her audience. After her speech, her classmates looked as though they wanted to say something but didn’t know what to say. One student hugged Mia, and everyone will remember Mia’s speech because it touched them, she had a command of the subject matter, and her delivery demonstrated her strong commit- ment to the topic. It also left many students feeling awkward. Many people think of public speaking as all about delivery, but delivery is—as we hope you have seen in the previous chapter—only one aspect of the entire process. Delivery alone will not result in a strong speech. In this chapter, we will discuss important issues surrounding speech delivery, including overcoming anxiety, set- ting the tone, considering language and style, incorporating visual aids, being aware of the time, choosing a delivery method, projecting a persona, and practicing the speech. Finally, we’ll address some ethical issues relevant to speech delivery. But first, we’ll learn what delivery is and why it is important. Once you have read this chapter, you will be able to: ● Explain the importance of speech delivery. ● Identify key issues in speech delivery. ● Connect speech delivery to the three artistic proofs: ethos, pathos and logos. ● Understand the ethical issues in speech delivery. CHAPTER OUTLINE WHAT IS SPEECH DELIVERY? THE IMPORTANCE OF SPEECH DELIVERY KEY ISSUES IN EFFECTIVE SPEECH DELIVERY Overcoming Anxiety Preparing Carefully Setting the Tone Considering Language and Style Incorporating Visual Aids Being Aware of Time Limits Choosing a Delivery Method Projecting a Persona Practicing Your Speech THE INDIVIDUAL, SPEECH DELIVERY, AND SOCIETY Ethos, Pathos, and Logos SPEECH DELIVERY AND ETHICS Use Language Sensitively Use Visual Aids Carefully Respect Time Limits Summary Key Terms Chapter Review Questions Activities Web Activities
336 CHAPTER 14 Speaking in Public: Speech Delivery WHAT IS SPEECH DELIVERY?
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- Rhetoric, Public speaker, Speaking fee, effective speech delivery