POLI100 Notes

POLI100 Notes - Objectives Explain the components of games...

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8/28/07 Objectives: Explain the components of games; Solve for the Nash equilibria of simple games Homework: p 18-31 of Ch. 1, question #3 from handout Rational Choice Theory: A belief that people choose what they believe are the best means for their given ends; people are trying to reach the highest goal that they can given a situation Game Theory: A formal way to represent social situations in which decision makers interact with other decisions; all players make choices hoping to maximize their own individual return o Parts of a game Players- people who are in the social interaction who have decisions to make Strategies- the decisions that people can make Strategy profile- the combination of all strategies across all players Utility- the reward or consequence of a decision; for each strategy profile, each individual profile has a unique utility; relative happiness o Example: Players: Bob and Frank Strategies Bob: Home, Movies Frank: Work, Movies Utility: Normal form representation of games Frank Work Movies Bob Home 2,2 2,3 Movies 3,2 4,4
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Row player’s utility: first Column player’s utility: second Nash Equilibrium: If every other player keeps the same strategy, would you like to change your strategy to something else? If all players say no, then it’s a Nash equilibrium Nationalization o Commerce Clause o Court o 17 th amendment- senators directly elected o Grants-in-aid- states given money by the federal gov. with a specific purpose in mind- fed. Gov. can accomplish what it wants for the states o Unfunded mandates Direct orders- can be subject to penalties for their actions Cross-over sanctions- take away money if you don’t comply with a certain law Cross-cutting requirements- state governments have to comply with certain procedural requirements- paperwork, etc. Partial pre-exemption- states can run joint federal-state program, but if federal government does not like the way the state is running it, the federal gov. can take it over Nash Equlibrium o 1. The 15 states are the players o 2. To contribute or not contribute o 3. 2
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1 o 4. No they will not contribute because if the other states don’t contribute then North Carolina will not get anything out of it. All states will vote don’t contribute because it is not desirable for them to contribute when o 1. 2 3 o 2. No No Yes Kate Lee 9/18/07 POLI100 001 Questions: 1. What is the difference between civil rights and civil liberties? a. Civil liberties are the basic rights and freedoms that all citizens have against the government. They are set up in the Constitution, Bill of Rights, or have been court-mandated over the years. These include the right to vote, free speech, the right to a fair court trial, etc. They are the rights that only the government can infringe upon. They affect everyone. Civil rights are a person’s rights to be treated without discrimination
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POLI100 Notes - Objectives Explain the components of games...

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