311C F07 L9OL - Nucleic Acids DNA RNA Information Flow 1 2...

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Unformatted text preview: Nucleic Acids DNA RNA Information Flow 1 2 3 Synthesis of mRNA in the nucleus Movement of mRNA into cytoplasm via nuclear pore Synthesis of protein NUCLEUS CYTOPLASM DNA mRNA Ribosome Amino acids Polypeptide mRNA Nucleic Acid Structure Polymers of nucleotides Polynucleotides 3C 5 end 5C 3C 5C 3 end OH O O O O Nucleotide Structure Composed of three parts Nitrogenous base Nucleoside O O O-- O P CH 2 5C 3C Phosphate group Pentose sugar (b) Nucleotide O CH CH Uracil (in RNA) U Ribose (in RNA) Nitrogenous bases Pyrimidines C N N C O H NH 2 CH CH O C N H CH HN C O C CH 3 N HN C C H O O Cytosine C Thymine T N HC N C C N C CH N NH 2 O N HC N H H C C N NH C NH 2 Adenine A Guanine G O HOCH 2 H H H OH H O HOCH 2 H H H OH H Pentose sugars Deoxyribose (in DNA) Ribose (in RNA) OH OH CH CH Uracil U 4 5 3 OH H 2 1 5 4 3 2 1 Nucleotide Structure: Nitrogenous Bases CH CH Uracil (in RNA) U Ribose (in RNA) Nitrogenous bases Pyrimidines C N...
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311C F07 L9OL - Nucleic Acids DNA RNA Information Flow 1 2...

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